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Hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate MR spectroscopy detect altered glycolysis in the brain of a cognitively impaired mouse model fed high-fat diet

 Young-Suk Choi  ;  Somang Kang  ;  Sang-Yoon Ko  ;  Saeram Lee  ;  Jae Young Kim  ;  Hansol Lee  ;  Jae Eun Song  ;  Dong-Hyun Kim  ;  Eosu Kim  ;  Chul Hoon Kim  ;  , Lisa Saksida  ;  Ho-Taek Song  ;  Jong Eun Lee 
 MOLECULAR BRAIN, Vol.18(1) : 74, 2018 
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Higher dietary intakes of saturated fatty acid increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease and dementia, and even in people without diabetes higher glucose levels may be a risk factor for dementia. The mechanisms causing neuronal dysfunction and dementia by consuming high-fat diet degrading the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been suggested but are not yet fully understood, and metabolic state of the brain by this type of insult is still veiled. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of high-fat diet on the brain metabolism by a multimodal imaging method using the hyperpolarizedcarbon 13 (13C)-pyruvate magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy and dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging in conjunction with the biochemical assay and the behavior test in a mouse model fed high-fat diet (HFD). In mice were fed 60% HFD for 6 months, hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate MR spectroscopy showed decreased perfusion (p < 0.01) and increased conversion from pyruvate to lactate (p < 0.001) in the brain. The hippocampus and striatum showed the highest conversion ratio. The functional integrity of the blood-brain barrier tested by dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging showed no difference to the control. Lactate was increased in the cortex (p < 0.01) and striatum (p < 0.05), while PDH activity was decreased in the cortex (p < 0.01) and striatum (p < 0.001) and the phosphorylated PDH was increased in the striatum (p < 0.05). Mice fed HFD showed less efficiency in learning memory compared with control (p < 0.05). To determine whether hyperpolarized 13C-pyruvate magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy could detect a much earier event in the brain. Mice fed HFD for 3 months did not show a detectable cognitive decline in water maze based learning memory. Hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate MR spectroscopy showed increased lactate conversion (P < .001), but no difference in cerebral perfusion. These results suggest that the increased hyperpolarized [1-13C] lactate signal in the brain of HFD-fed mice represent that altered metabolic alteration toward to glycolysis and hypoperfusion by the long-term metabolic stress by HFD further promote to glycolysis. The hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate MR spectroscopy can be used to monitor the brain metabolism and will provide information helpful to understand the disease process.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pharmacology (약리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eosu(김어수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9472-9465
Kim, Jae Young(김재영)
Kim, Chul Hoon(김철훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7360-429X
Song, Ho Taek(송호택) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6655-2575
Lee, Jong Eun(이종은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6203-7413
Choi, Young Suk(최영숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4930-8455
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