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품사 산출 양상에 따른 여성 노년층의 발화 특성

Other Titles
 Utterance-Level Word Class Characteristics in Normal Elderly Women 
 김지영  ;  서상규  ;  조성래  ;  김향희 
 Communication Sciences & Disorders, Vol.19(3) : 265-273, 2014 
Journal Title
 Communication Sciences & Disorders 
Issue Date
Elderly ; Word class ; Token ; Type ; Type-token ratio (TTR)
Objectives: Expressive language ability can be analyzed grammatically by examining the production of word classes. This study aims to analyze the characteristics of elderly people's utterances by looking at word classes in spontaneous speech. Methods: Spontaneous speech from 35 young females and 35 elderly females was collected. Word classes were divided by three criteria (form, function, and meaning). The real usage frequency of each instance of a word class (token) and the frequency of occurrence of each word class (type), type-token ratio (TTR), were calculated. Results: For the form category, in both type and token count, the use of inflected words was lower among elderly people, while the use of uninflected words was higher. TTR of inflected words was lower in elderly people. For the functional category, the tokens for substantives were higher among elderly people, while both the types and tokens of inflectional words were lower. For the semantic category, the tokens for verbs were higher but TTR of verbs was lower. The tokens and types for adjectives were both lower among elderly people. Additional experiments showed that the predicative use of inflectional words is more frequent than the attributive use among the elderly. Conclusion: This analysis was conducted with three word class criteria to find various speech characteristics. Further study on word class in language production needs to be conducted while considering factors, such as education and gender.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyang Hee(김향희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-2512
Cho, Sung-Rae(조성래) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1429-2684
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