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Effect of globular adiponectin on interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 expression in periodontal ligament and gingival fibroblasts

 Hong Gyu Park ; Eun Jung Bak ; Yun-Jung Yoo ; Jeong-Heon Cha ; Seong-Ho Choi ; Yang-Sin Lee ; Ji Hye Kim 
 Journal of periodontal & implant science , Vol.41(3) : 149~156, 2011 
Journal Title
 Journal of periodontal & implant science 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: Globular adiponectin (gAd) is a type of adipocytokine, which is mainly produced by adipose tissue. It has been reported that gAd acts as a pro- as well as an anti-inflammatory factor. Interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 are pro-inflammatory cytokines. To investigate the role of gAd on periodontal tissues, the expression of adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) and the effect of gAd on the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 were investigated in periodontal ligament (PDL) and gingival fibroblasts. METHODS: PDL and gingival fibroblasts were cultured from human periodontal tissues. gAd derived from Escherichia coli and murine myeloma cells were used. The expression of AdipoR1 was estimated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blot. The expression of cytokines was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: PDL and gingival fibroblasts expressed both mRNA and protein of AdipoR1. gAd derived from E. coli increased the production of IL-6 and IL-8, but polymyxin B, an inhibitor of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), inhibited IL-6 and IL-8 production induced by gAd in both types of cells. gAd derived from murine myeloma cells did not induce IL-6 and IL-8 production in those cells. gAd derived from E. coli contained higher levels of LPS than gAd derived from murine myeloma cells. LPS increased production of IL-6 and IL-8 in PDL and gingival fibroblasts, but pretreatment of cells with gAd derived from murine myeloma cells did not inhibit LPS-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that PDL and gingival fibroblasts express AdipoR1 and that gAd does not act as a modulator of IL-6 and IL-8 expression in PDL and gingival fibroblasts.
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 2. College of Dentistry > Dept. of Oral Biology
1. 연구논문 > 2. College of Dentistry > Dept. of Periodontology
1. 연구논문 > 5. Research Institutes > Oral Cancer Research Institute
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