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Combining prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score as a valuable prognostic factor for overall survival in patients with stage I–III colorectal cancer

Authors
 Harin Kim  ;  Dong-Min Shin  ;  Jae-Hoon Lee  ;  Eun-Suk Cho  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Su-Jin Shin  ;  Eun Jung Park  ;  Seung Hyuk Baik  ;  Kang Young Lee  ;  Jeonghyun Kang 
Citation
 FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY, Vol.13 : 1026824, 2023-01 
Journal Title
FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY
Issue Date
2023-01
Keywords
colorectal cancer ; controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score ; inflammatory marker ; prognostic factor ; prognostic nutritional index (PNI)
Abstract
Background and aims: This study compared the prognostic significance of various nutritional and inflammatory indicators such as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, prognostic nutritional index, and controlling nutritional status score. In addition, we aimed to establish a more accurate prognostic indicator.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 1112 patients with stage I-III colorectal cancer between January 2004 and April 2014. The controlling nutritional status scores were classified as low (0-1), intermediate (2-4), and high (5-12) scores. The cut-off values for prognostic nutritional index and inflammatory markers were calculated using the X-tile program. P-CONUT, a combination of prognostic nutritional index and the controlling nutritional status score, was suggested. The integrated areas under the curve were then compared.

Results: The multivariable analysis showed that prognostic nutritional index was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival, whereas the controlling nutritional status score, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were not. The patients were divided into three P-CONUT groups as follows: G1, controlling nutritional status (0-4) and high prognostic nutritional index; G2, controlling nutritional status (0-4) and low prognostic nutritional index; and G3, controlling nutritional status (5-12) and low prognostic nutritional index. There were significant survival differences between the P-CONUT groups (5-year overall survival of G1, G2, and G3 were 91.7%, 81.2%, and 64.1%, respectively; p < 0.0001). The integrated areas under the curve of P-CONUT (0.610, CI: 0.578-0.642) was superior to those of the controlling nutritional status score alone (bootstrap integrated areas under the curve mean difference=0.050; 95% CI=0.022-0.079) and prognostic nutritional index alone (bootstrap integrated areas under the curve mean difference=0.012; 95% CI=0.001-0.025).

Conclusion: Prognostic effect of P-CONUT may be better than inflammatory markers such as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio. Thus, it could be used as a reliable nutritional risk stratification tool in patients with colorectal cancer.
Files in This Item:
T202301021.pdf Download
DOI
10.3389/fonc.2023.1026824
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Jeonghyun(강정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7311-6053
Park, Eun Jung(박은정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4559-2690
Baik, Seung Hyuk(백승혁) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4183-2332
Shin, Su Jin(신수진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9114-8438
Lee, Kang Young(이강영)
Lee, Jae Hoon(이재훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9898-9886
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Cho, Eun Suk(조은석)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/193598
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