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Association of Dietary Fiber Intake with All-Cause Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality: A 10-Year Prospective Cohort Study

 Yu-Jin Kwon  ;  Hye-Sun Lee  ;  Goeun Park  ;  Hyung-Mi Kim  ;  Ji-Won Lee 
 NUTRIENTS, Vol.14(15) : 3,089, 2022-07 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Cardiovascular Diseases* / epidemiology ; Diet ; Dietary Fiber ; Humans ; Middle Aged ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Prospective Studies ; Risk Factors
cardiovascular diseases ; cohort study ; dietary fiber ; mortality
Although previous studies have established that dietary fiber (DF) intake reduces the total cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in general populations, limited studies have been conducted in individuals with pre-existing chronic conditions, especially in Asian countries. We aimed to investigate the association of DF intake with all-cause and CVD mortality in the general population and in the subpopulation with hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. We examined the relationship between DF intake and all-cause and CVD mortality using the Korean genome and epidemiology study. Diet was assessed using a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) after adjusting for confounders. During the mean 10.1 years of follow-up, higher DF intake was significantly associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality after adjusting for confounders (HR and 95% CIs for Q5 vs. Q1: 0.84 (0.76-0.93); p < 0.001). DF intake was inversely associated with a lower risk of CVD mortality after adjusting for the same confounders (HR and 95% CIs for Q5 vs. Q1: 0.61 (0.47-0.78); p < 0.001). Total DF intake was inversely associated with all-cause and CVD mortality in middle-aged and older adults.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Yu-Jin(권유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9021-3856
Lee, Ji Won(이지원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2666-4249
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
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