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Impact of Sarcopenia on Functional Outcomes Among Patients With Mild Acute Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack: A Retrospective Study

 Hyungwoo Lee  ;  Il Hyung Lee  ;  JoonNyung Heo  ;  Minyoul Baik  ;  Hyungjong Park  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Hyo Suk Nam  ;  Young Dae Kim 
 FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY, Vol.13 : 841945, 2022-03 
Journal Title
Issue Date
aged ; muscle ; prognosis ; sarcopenia ; stroke
Introduction: Sarcopenia, a age-related disease characterized by loss of muscle mass accompanied by loss of function, is associated with nutrition imbalance, physical inactivity, insulin resistance, inflammation, metabolic syndrome, and atherosclerosis which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, its association with outcomes after ischemic stroke has not been well-established. This study investigated whether functional outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke is associated with sarcopenia.

Methods: Data were collected from 568 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke with National Institute of Health Stroke Scale 0-5 or transient ischemic attack who underwent bioelectrical impedance analysis between March 2018 and March 2021. Sarcopenia was defined, as low muscle mass, as measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and low muscle strength, as indicated by the Medical Research Council score. Unfavorable functional outcome was defined as mRS score of 2-6 at 90 days after discharge. The relationship between functional outcomes and the presence of sarcopenia or its components was determined.

Results: Of the 568 patients included (mean age 65.5 ± 12.6 years, 64.6% male), sarcopenia was detected in 48 (8.5%). After adjusting for potential confounders, sarcopenia was independently and significantly associated with unfavorable functional outcome (odds ratio 2.37, 95% confidence interval 1.15-4.73 for unfavorable functional outcome, odds ratio 2.10, 95% confidence interval 1.18-3.71 for an increase in the mRS score). Each component of sarcopenia was also independently associated with unfavorable functional outcome (odds ratio 1.76, 95% confidence interval 1.05-2.95 with low muscle mass, odds ratio 2.64, 95% confidence interval 1.64-4.23 with low muscle strength). The impact of low muscle mass was larger in men than in women, and in patients with lower muscle mass of the lower extremities than in those with lower muscle mass of the upper extremities.

Conclusions: In this study, the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with stroke was lower than most of previous studies and patients with sarcopenia showed higher likelihood for unfavorable functional outcomes at 90 days after acute ischemic stroke or TIA. Further investigation of the interventions for treating sarcopenia and its impact on the outcome of ischemic stroke patients is needed.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Park, Hyungjong(박형종)
Baik, Minyoul(백민렬)
Lee, Ilhyung(이일형)
Lee, Hyung Woo(이형우)
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Heo, JoonNyung(허준녕)
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