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Risk of Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax According to Chest Configuration

 Chul Hwan Park  ;  MinDong Sung  ;  Geun Dong Lee  ;  Young Woo Do  ;  Hee Min Park  ;  Junu Kim  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Kyunghwa Han  ;  Tae Hoon Kim  ;  Jason Jungsik Song  ;  Sungsoo Lee 
 Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon, Vol.66(7) : 583-588, 2018 
Journal Title
 Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 
Issue Date
pneumothorax ; chest configuration ; risk ; computed tomography ; chest radiographs
BACKGROUND:  We compared the chest configurations of patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) and age-sex-matched controls to determine the presence of chest wall deformities in patients with PSP. METHODS:  We retrospectively enrolled 166 male patients with PSP (age, 18-19 years) and 85 age-sex-matched controls without PSP, who simultaneously underwent chest computed tomography (CT) and radiography at one of two institutes. After correcting for height, the following thoracic parameters were comparatively evaluated between the two groups: maximal internal transverse (T) and anteroposterior (W) diameters of the chest, maximal internal lung height (H), Haller index (T/W), and T/Height, T/H, W/Height, W/H, and H/Height ratios. RESULTS:  Patients were taller than the control subjects (176.5 cm ± 5.9 cm versus 174.4 cm ± 5.6 cm; p = 0.007). After controlling for height, the patient group exhibited lower T and W and greater H and Haller index values than the control group (T: 95% confidence interval [CI], 24.8-25.2 cm versus 25.9-26.5; W: 95% CI, 8.9-9.2 cm versus 10.1-10.6 cm; H: 95% CI, 25.2-25.9 cm versus 23.4-24.4 cm; and Haller index, 95% CI, 2.7-2.9 versus 2.4-2.6; all, p < 0.001). The patient group also exhibited lower T/Height, T/H, W/Height, and W/H ratios and greater H/Height ratio than the control group. CONCLUSIONS:  Patients with PSP have an anteroposteriorly flatter, laterally narrower, and craniocaudally taller thorax than subjects without PSP, suggesting that chest configuration is associated with the development of pneumothorax.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김준우(Kim, Junu)
김태훈(Kim, Tae Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3598-2529
박철환(Park, Chul Hwan) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0004-9475
송정식(Song, Jungsik Jason) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0662-7704
이성수(Lee, Sung Soo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8998-9510
허진(Hur, Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
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