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Dentofacial transverse development in Koreans according to skeletal maturation: A cross-sectional study

 Soonshin Hwang  ;  Yoonjeong Noh  ;  Yoon Jeong Choi  ;  Chooryung Chung  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Kyung-Ho Kim 
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, Vol.48(1) : 39-47, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Growth and development ; Posteroanterior cephalometrics ; Skeletal maturation ; Transverse development
Objective: The aim of this study was to establish the normative data of dentofacial transverse dimensions according to the skeletal maturation stage in Korean adolescents with good occlusion, assess gender differences and determine correlations between transverse variables. Methods: A total of 577 Korean subjects between ages 7 to 19 years and exhibiting skeletal Class I occlusion were categorized by skeletal maturation index (SMI) of Fishman using hand-wrist radiographs. Dentofacial transverse dimensions were assessed using posteroanterior cephalograms. Independent two-sample t-tests were used to analyze differences between genders. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between transverse measurements. Results: Dentofacial transverse norms relevant to skeletal maturation stages were established. The average maxillomandibular width difference and ratio at growth completion was 22.16 mm and 77.01% for males; 23.70 mm and 74.06% for females, respectively. Males had greater facial, maxillary and mandibular widths compared to females at every SMI stage. The maxillary and mandibular intermolar widths showed the strongest correlation for both sexes (r = 0.826 for males, r = 0.725 for females). Conclusions: Dentofacial transverse norms of Korean adolescents were established according to developmental stage. All dentofacial widths were greater in males at growth completion. Maxillary and mandibular intermolar widths were strongly correlated. This study may serve as a guideline for the assessment of dentofacial transverse growth according to skeletal maturation stage in Korean adolescents with good occlusion.
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Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Ho(김경호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8154-2041
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Chung, Chooryung J.(정주령) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9399-7193
Choi, Yoon Jeong(최윤정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0781-8836
Hwang, Soon Shin(황순신) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6472-4732
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