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Changes in the craniofacial complex and alveolar bone height of young adults: Applications to dental medicine

Authors
 Sung-Hwan Choi  ;  Si-Nae Jung  ;  Jung-Yul Cha  ;  Kyung-Seok Hu  ;  Kee-Deog Kim  ;  Hyoung-Seon Baik  ;  Chung-Ju Hwang 
Citation
 Clinical Anatomy, Vol.29(8) : 1011-1017, 2016 
Journal Title
 Clinical Anatomy 
ISSN
 0897-3806 
Issue Date
2016
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adolescent Development* ; Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging ; Alveolar Process/growth & development ; Cephalometry ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Prospective Studies ; Radiography ; Reference Values ; Sex Characteristics ; Skull/diagnostic imaging ; Skull/growth & development* ; Young Adult
Keywords
aging ; alveolar bone loss ; face ; young adult
Abstract
The few studies on craniofacial complex changes in adults have reported contradictory findings. The aim of this study was to radiographically evaluate changes in the craniofacial complex and alveolar bone height of young adults over a 4-year period. This prospective study included 82 young adults (62 men; mean age, 19.0?±?0.8 years; 20 women; mean age, 18.8?±?0.9 years). Three radiographic examinations were performed longitudinally: the first (T0) was conducted at the start of the study, the second (T1) was conducted 2 years later, and the third (T2) was conducted at the end of the study period. As part of these examinations, lateral cephalograms, maxillary and mandibular anterior periapical radiographs, and bilateral posterior bitewing radiographs were obtained. During the 4-year follow-up period, all linear cephalometric measurements were significantly greater in men than in women. The amount of increase in the anterior facial height between T1 and T2 was lower in women than in men (P?=?0.029). The rate of uprighting of the upper incisors was lower in men than in women over time (P?=?0.020). The apex of the nose moved inferiorly between T0 and T2 (P?=?0.006). The average overall change in the alveolar bone height was 0.27 mm and the yearly change was 0.07 mm over the 4-year period (P< 0.001). Significant changes in the skeletal, dental, and soft tissue, as well as, natural changes in alveolar bone, occur in young adults over time.
Full Text
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ca.22772/abstract
DOI
10.1002/ca.22772
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Advanced General Dentistry (통합치의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김기덕(Kim, Kee Deog) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3055-5130
백형선(Baik, Hyoung Seon)
차정열(Cha, Jung Yul)
최성환(Choi, Sung Hwan) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1150-0268
허경석(Hu, Kyung Seok) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
황충주(Hwang, Chung Ju) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3024-4551
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/152400
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