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Apical anatomy in mesial and mesiobuccal roots of permanent first molars

 Il-Young Jung  ;  Myoung-Ah Seo  ;  Ashraf F. Fouad  ;  Larz S.W. Spångberg  ;  Seung-Jong Lee  ;  Hee-Jin Kim  ;  Kee-Yeon Kum 
 JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS, Vol.31(5) : 364-368, 2005 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Chi-Square Distribution ; Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology* ; Humans ; Molar/anatomy & histology* ; Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology*
The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the canal configuration types, and the prevalence and location of anatomical variations in the mesiobuccal (MB) and mesial roots of permanent maxillary and mandibular first molars after instrumentation. The number and the type of canals were determined before instrumentation using conventional methods. All root canals from the 47 MB roots and 42 mesial roots were then instrumented to size #30 with ProFile .04 taper rotary instruments in a crown-down method and then filled with a single gutta-percha cone and sealer. Transverse 1 mm-thick cross-sections at 2, 3, 4, and 5 mm from the apex were obtained, stained and examined using a stereomicroscope. The canal configuration types and the prevalence and location of isthmi and accessory canals in roots with two canals were evaluated. The prevalence of two canals was 80.8% in the maxillary MB roots and 95.2% in the mandibular mesial roots. There were six types of canal configurations in the instrumented root apices. The prevalence of anatomical variations was highest at the apical 4 mm level, and was more frequent in mandibular first molars, and in roots with Weine type III canal. chi test showed that the prevalence of the anatomical variations was statistically higher in the maxillary MB roots with Weine type III canals than in those with Weine type II canals (p < 0.05). Different canal configurations were often found at different levels in the same root. The results indicate that anatomical variations persist following instrumentation of roots with two canals in first molars. These anatomical variations should be considered during surgical or nonsurgical endodontic procedures of the permanent first molars.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Conservative Dentistry (보존과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kum, Kee Yeon(금기연)
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Lee, Seung Jong(이승종)
Jung, Il Young(정일영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8972-2664
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