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Real-Time PCR Cycle Threshold Values for the BRAFV600E Mutation in Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma May Be Associated With Central Lymph Node Metastasis: A Retrospective Study

 Vivian Y. Park  ;  Eun-Kyung Kim  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Hee Jung Moon  ;  Jung Hyun Yoon  ;  Jin Young Kwak 
 MEDICINE, Vol.94(28) : 1149, 2015 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Carcinoma, Papillary/genetics* ; Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology ; Female ; Humans ; Lymph Nodes/pathology ; Lymphatic Metastasis ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mutation ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics* ; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Retrospective Studies ; Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics* ; Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology ; Young Adult
Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) usually has excellent prognosis, but a small subset shows aggressive behavior. Although the B-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase (BRAF)V600E mutation is the most common oncogenic alteration in PTMCs, it is frequently heterogeneously distributed within tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of the BRAFV600E mutation found in fine needle aspirates from PTMCs with known clinicopathologic prognostic factors, based on both its presence and a quantitative approach that uses cycle threshold (Ct) values obtained by a real-time PCR technique. The 460 PTMC patients were included, with 367 patients having the BRAFV600E mutation. Clinicopathologic variables were compared between patients with and without the BRAFV600E mutation. BRAFV600E Ct values were compared according to clinicopathologic prognostic factors. Multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate factors predicting extrathyroidal extension and central and lateral lymph node metastasis (LNM). Each analysis used either the BRAFV600E mutation status or the Ct value as an independent variable for all the study patients and the 367 BRAFV600E-positive patients. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of BRAFV600E Ct values in predicting central and lateral LNM. The BRAFV600E mutation status was not associated with clinicopathologic prognostic factors among the 460 PTMC patients. Of the 367 BRAFV600E-positive patients, Ct values were significantly lower in patients with central and lateral LNM (P < 0.001, P = 0.007). The Ct value was the only independent factor to predict central LNM (OR 0.918, P = 0.025). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for diagnosing central LNM was 0.623 (sensitivity, 50.0%; specificity, 71.9%) and for diagnosing lateral LNM, it was 0.796 (sensitivity, 71.4%; specificity, 94.7%). In conclusion, real-time PCR Ct values for the BRAFV600E mutation obtained from fine needle aspirates can be associated with central LNM in PTMC patients. Although BRAFV600E Ct values did not reach statistical significance for predicting lateral LNM in our study, further validation through larger studies can be used to overcome any possible type-II errors. With further studies, Ct values for the BRAFV600E mutation obtained from fine needle aspirates may have important implications for predicting both central and lateral LNM in patients with PTMCs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwak, Jin Young(곽진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6212-1495
Kim, Eun-Kyung(김은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
Moon, Hee Jung(문희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5643-5885
Park, Vivian Youngjean(박영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5135-4058
Yoon, Jung Hyun(윤정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2100-3513
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
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