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Impact of Increased Orifice Size and Decreased Flow Velocity of Left Atrial Appendage on Stroke in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation

 Jung Myung Lee  ;  Jaemin Shim  ;  Jae-Sun Uhm  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Hye-Jeong Lee  ;  Hui-Nam Pak  ;  Moon-Hyoung Lee  ;  Boyoung Joung 
 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol.113(6) : 963-969, 2014 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging ; Atrial Appendage/physiopathology* ; Atrial Fibrillation/complications* ; Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis ; Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology ; Atrial Function, Right/physiology* ; Blood Flow Velocity/physiology* ; Brain Ischemia/epidemiology ; Brain Ischemia/etiology* ; Confidence Intervals ; Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods* ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Incidence ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods* ; Odds Ratio ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Prognosis ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology ; Retrospective Studies ; Risk Factors
The structural and functional characteristics of left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with previous stroke remain incompletely elucidated. This study investigated whether a larger LAA orifice is related to decreased LAA flow velocity and stroke in nonvalvular AF. The dimension, morphology, and flow velocity of LAA were compared in patients with nonvalvular AF with (stroke group, n = 67, mean age 66 ± 9 years) and without ischemic stroke (no-stroke group, n = 151, mean age 56 ± 10 years). Compared with no-stroke group, the stroke group had larger LA dimension (4.7 ± 0.8 vs 4.2 ± 0.6 cm, p <0.001), larger LAA orifice area (4.5 ± 1.5 vs 3.0 ± 1.1 cm(2), p <0.001), and slower LAA flow velocity (36 ± 19 vs 55 ± 20 cm/s, p <0.001). LAA flow velocity was negatively correlated with LAA orifice size (R = -0.48, p <0.001). After adjustment for multiple potential confounding factors including CHA2DS2-VASc score, persistent AF, and LA dimension, large LAA orifice area (odds ratio 6.16, 95% confidence interval 2.67 to 14.18, p <0.001) and slow LAA velocity (odds ratio 3.59, 95% confidence interval 1.42 to 9.08, p = 0.007) were found to be significant risk factors of stroke. In patients with LAA flow velocity <37.0 cm/s, patients with large LAA orifice (>3.5 cm(2)) had greater incidence of stroke than those with LAA orifice of ≤3.5 cm(2) (75% vs 23%, p <0.001). In conclusion, LAA orifice enlargement was related to stroke risk in patients with nonvalvular AF even after adjustment for other risk factors, and it could be the cause of decreased flow velocity in LAA.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Pak, Hui Nam(박희남) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3256-3620
Shim, Jae Min(심재민)
Uhm, Jae Sun(엄재선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-8172
Lee, Moon-Hyoung(이문형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7268-0741
Lee, Jung Myung(이정명)
Lee, Hye Jeong(이혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
Joung, Bo Young(정보영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-7225
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