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Diffusion-weighted imaging versus superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced MRI: exclusive and combined values in the assessment of hepatic metastases.

 Hana Kim  ;  Jeong-Sik Yu  ;  Eun-Suk Cho  ;  Jae-Joon Chung  ;  Joo Hee Kim  ;  Dae Jung Kim  ;  Jhii-Hyun Ahn  ;  Ki Whang Kim 
 Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Vol.30(4) : 554-561, 2012 
Journal Title
 Magnetic Resonance Imaging 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: The purpose was to validate diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the assessment of hepatic metastases compared with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 21 consecutive patients with 160 metastases from extrahepatic malignancy and 25 benign focal lesions, two radiologists evaluated four separate review sessions (I, SPIO-enhanced T2-weighted images; II, precontrast DWI; III, SPIO-enhanced T2-weighted images and precontrast DWI; IV, SPIO-enhanced T2-weighted images plus precontrast and SPIO-enhanced DWI) and assigned confidence levels using a five-grade scale for each hepatic lesion. RESULTS: The A(z) values after receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for Reader 1 and Reader 2 were 0.80 and 0.75 on session I, 0.91 and 0.91 on session II, 0.97 and 0.96 on session III and 0.96 and 0.96 on session IV, respectively. The A(z) value of session II was significantly higher than that of session I (Reader 1, P=.004; Reader 2, P<.001), and that of session III was significantly higher than that of session I (P<.001 for each reader) or session II (Reader 1, P=.004; Reader 2, P=.003). Although there was no significant difference of A(z) value between session III and session IV (Reader 1, P=.231; Reader 2, P=.878), the sensitivity improved for session IV compared with that for session III (Reader 1, P=.031; Reader 2, P=.039). CONCLUSION: In the assessment of hepatic metastases, DWI can provide more accurate information than can SPIO-enhanced images. Diagnostic accuracy can be increased even more through the combination of both techniques.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김기황(Kim, Ki Whang)
김대중(Kim, Dae Jung)
김주희(Kim, Joo Hee) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5383-3602
김하나(Kim, Ha Na)
안지현(Ahn, Jhii Hyun)
유정식(Yu, Jeong Sik) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8171-5838
정재준(Chung, Jae Joon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7447-1193
조은석(Cho, Eun Suk)
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