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Early on-treatment predictions of clinical outcomes using alpha-fetoprotein and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin responses in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

 Myoung Ha Lee  ;  Seung Up Kim  ;  Do Young Kim  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Eun Hee Choi  ;  Kwang Hun Lee  ;  Do Yun Lee  ;  Jinsil Seong  ;  Kwang-Hyub Han  ;  Chae Yoon Chon  ;  Jun Yong Park 
 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol.27(2) : 313-322, 2012 
Journal Title
 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The clinical utility of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP) as a predictor of treatment outcome in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) receiving hepatic artery infusional chemotherapy (HAIC) or concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) has been poorly defined. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2007, we enrolled 127 treatment-naïve patients who received HAIC (n = 60) or CCRT (n = 67) as an initial treatment modality. An AFP or DCP response was defined as a reduction of more than 20% from the baseline level. RESULTS: AFP responders showed significantly better overall survival (OS) than non-responders among patients with HAIC (median 17.3 vs 6.4 months, P < 0.001) and with CCRT (median 17.6 vs 8.7 months, P = 0.014). DCP responders in the CCRT group also showed significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) than non-responders (median 9.2 vs 3.1 months, P < 0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that AFP response was independently predictive of OS in both groups (P = 0.009 in HAIC and P = 0.008 in CCRT) whereas DCP only predicted PFS in patients with CCRT (P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Early on-treatment AFP response was predictive of OS in treatment-naïve patients with advanced HCC receiving HAIC and CCRT as an initial treatment modality. Furthermore, DCP response was useful for predicting PFS in patients with CCRT.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Biomedical Systems Informatics (의생명시스템정보학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김도영(Kim, Do Young)
김승업(Kim, Seung Up) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9658-8050
박준용(Park, Jun Yong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6324-2224
성진실(Seong, Jin Sil) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1794-5951
안상훈(Ahn, Sang Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
이광훈(Lee, Kwang Hun)
이도연(Lee, Do Yun)
이명하(Lee, Myoung Ha)
전재윤(Chon, Chae Yoon)
최은희(Choi, Eun Hee)
한광협(Han, Kwang-Hyub) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3960-6539
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