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The association between asymptomatic coronary artery disease and CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores in patients with stroke

 M.-J. Cha  ;  H. S. Lee  ;  Y. D. Kim  ;  H. S. Nam  ;  J. H. Heo 
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Vol.20(9) : 1256-1263, 2013 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Aged ; Coronary Angiography ; Coronary Artery Disease/complications* ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Predictive Value of Tests* ; Risk Assessment/methods* ; Risk Factors ; Stroke/complications*
CHA2DS2-VAScscore ; CHADS2 score ; coronary artery disease ; stroke
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores are measurement tools that stratify thromboembolic risk in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, and are predictive of cerebral atherosclerosis, fatal stroke and ischaemic heart disease. Patients with higher CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores are more likely to have had an akinetic/hypokinetic left ventricular segment or a recent myocardial infarction, all of which are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Most of the CHADS2 score components are also risk factors for atherosclerosis. Thus, CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores may be predictive of CAD. METHODS: In all, 1733 consecutive patients with acute ischaemic stroke who underwent multi-slice computed tomography coronary angiography were enrolled. The association of CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores with the presence and severity of CAD was investigated. RESULTS: Of the 1733 patients, 1220 patients (70.4%) had any degree of CAD and 576 (33.3%) had significant CAD (≥ 50% stenosis in at least one coronary artery). As the CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores increased, the presence of CAD also increased (P < 0.001). The severity of CAD was correlated with CHADS2 score (Spearman coefficient 0.229, P < 0.001) and CHA2 DS2 -VASc score (Spearman coefficient 0.261, P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, after adjusting for confounding factors, CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores ≥2 were independently associated with CAD. The CHA2 DS2 -VASc score was a better predictor of the presence of CAD than the CHADS2 score on area under the curve analysis. CONCLUSION: CHADS2 and CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores were predictive of the presence and severity of CAD in patients with stroke. When a patient has high CHADS2 or CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores, physicians should consider coronary artery evaluation.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Cha, Myoung Jin(차명진)
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
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