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EGFR and TTF-1 Gene Amplification in Surgically Resected Lung Adenocarcinomas: Clinicopathologic Significance and Effect on Response to EGFR-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Recurred Cases

 Jae Seok Lee ; Hye Ryun Kim ; Hyo Sup Shim ; Mihwa Shin ; Chang Young Lee 
 Annals of Surgical Oncology, Vol.20(9) : 3015~3022, 2013 
Journal Title
 Annals of Surgical Oncology 
Issue Date
Background Gene amplifications are implicated in cancer development and progression. In this study we investigated the clinicopathologic characteristics associated with EGFR or TTF-1 amplification in lung adenocarcinomas and its prognostic significance. Methods We analyzed 118 cases of surgically resected primary lung adenocarcinomas. Amplification of the EGFR or TTF-1 gene was evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization and correlated with patients’ clinicopathologic features, including disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), in all patients and a subset that were TTF-1 positive or had EGFR mutation. Progression-free survival (PFS) also was analyzed among patients with EGFR mutation who had recurred cancer that was treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Results EGFR or TTF-1 gene amplification was an independent poor prognostic factor for DFS in all patients (p = 0.001), in patients with TTF-1 positivity (p = 0.010), and in patients with EGFR mutation (p < 0.001) and for OS in patients with TTF-1 positivity (p = 0.021) and patients with EGFR mutation (p < 0.001). Patients with TTF-1 amplification had a shorter PFS following EGFR TKI treatment (p = 0.040). Conclusions EGFR or TTF-1 gene amplification was a predictive factor for poor prognosis in terms of DFS and OS, especially in patients with TTF-1 positivity or EGFR mutation. Our results also suggested that TTF-1 amplification might be a predictive marker of poor response to EGFR-TKI therapy in patients with recurrent tumor after surgical resection.
Appears in Collections:
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Internal Medicine
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Pathology
1. 연구논문 > 1. College of Medicine > Dept. of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery
Yonsei Authors
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