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EGFR and TTF-1 Gene Amplification in Surgically Resected Lung Adenocarcinomas: Clinicopathologic Significance and Effect on Response to EGFR-Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Recurred Cases

 Jae Seok Lee  ;  Hye Ryun Kim  ;  Chang Young Lee  ;  Mihwa Shin  ;  Hyo Sup Shim 
 ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, Vol.20(9) : 3015-3022, 2013 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Overall Survival ; Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor ; Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation ; Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase ; Bacterial Artificial Chromosome Clone
Background Gene amplifications are implicated in cancer development and progression. In this study we investigated the clinicopathologic characteristics associated with EGFR or TTF-1 amplification in lung adenocarcinomas and its prognostic significance. Methods We analyzed 118 cases of surgically resected primary lung adenocarcinomas. Amplification of the EGFR or TTF-1 gene was evaluated by fluorescence in situ hybridization and correlated with patients’ clinicopathologic features, including disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), in all patients and a subset that were TTF-1 positive or had EGFR mutation. Progression-free survival (PFS) also was analyzed among patients with EGFR mutation who had recurred cancer that was treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Results EGFR or TTF-1 gene amplification was an independent poor prognostic factor for DFS in all patients (p = 0.001), in patients with TTF-1 positivity (p = 0.010), and in patients with EGFR mutation (p < 0.001) and for OS in patients with TTF-1 positivity (p = 0.021) and patients with EGFR mutation (p < 0.001). Patients with TTF-1 amplification had a shorter PFS following EGFR TKI treatment (p = 0.040). Conclusions EGFR or TTF-1 gene amplification was a predictive factor for poor prognosis in terms of DFS and OS, especially in patients with TTF-1 positivity or EGFR mutation. Our results also suggested that TTF-1 amplification might be a predictive marker of poor response to EGFR-TKI therapy in patients with recurrent tumor after surgical resection.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (흉부외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hye Ryun(김혜련) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1842-9070
Shin, Mi Hwa(신미화) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2215-8629
Shim, Hyo Sup(심효섭) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5718-3624
Lee, Jae Seok(이재석)
Lee, Chang Young(이창영)
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