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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents — the recent trends in South Korea

Authors
 Ji-Youn Chung  ;  Hee-Taik Kang  ;  Youn-Ho Shin  ;  Hye-Ree Lee  ;  Byoung-Jin Park  ;  Yong-Jae Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, Vol.26(1-2) : 105-110, 2013 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM 
ISSN
 0334-018X 
Issue Date
2013
MeSH
Adolescent ; Age of Onset ; Blood Pressure/physiology ; Child ; Cholesterol, HDL/blood ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Metabolic Syndrome/blood ; Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology* ; Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology ; Motor Activity/physiology ; Nutrition Surveys/statistics & numerical data ; Nutrition Surveys/trends ; Prevalence ; Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Keywords
cardiovascular disease ; epidemiology ; metabolic syndrome ; prevalence ; public health
Abstract
Background: Although the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in childhood is increasing worldwide and becoming a significant public health problem, some countries report trends for stabilization. After 2005, the Health Plan 2010 of the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare has carried out the standardization of school lunch provisions for all students and reinforced nutritional and physical education in schools. Thus, an investigation of changes in the prevalence of MetS in Korean children and adolescents is important and intriguing in the aspect of evaluating the national public health intervention. Methods: We investigated trends in the prevalence of MetS among a nationally representative sample of 5652 children and adolescents aged 10–18 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) I (1998), II (2001), III (2005), and IV (2008). Results: Prevalence trends in MetS were 7.5%, 9.8%, 10.9%, and 6.7% in the KNHANES I through IV, respectively (p<0.001). Among the five components of MetS, the prevalence of low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol increased most over the 1998–2005 period and decreased over the 2005–2008 period. Conclusion: The prevalence of MetS has decreased since 2005 mainly because of changes in the prevalence of low levels of HDL cholesterol.
Full Text
http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jpem.2013.26.issue-1-2/jpem-2012-0294/jpem-2012-0294.xml;jsessionid=8FA9BBC581C49169934787F2C83D6F9F
DOI
10.1515/jpem-2012-0294
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hee Taik(강희택)
Park, Byoung Jin(박병진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1733-5301
Shin, Youn Ho(신윤호)
Lee, Yong Jae(이용제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-476X
Lee, Hye Ree(이혜리)
Chung, Ji Youn(정지연)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87046
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