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Clinical, qualitative imaging biomarkers, and tumor oxygenation imaging biomarkers for differentiation of midline-located IDH wild-type glioblastomas and H3 K27-altered diffuse midline gliomas in adults

Authors
 Yongsik Sim  ;  Seo Hee Choi  ;  Narae Lee  ;  Yae Won Park  ;  Sung Soo Ahn  ;  Jong Hee Chang  ;  Se Hoon Kim  ;  Seung-Koo Lee 
Citation
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, Vol.173 : 111384, 2024-04 
Journal Title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
ISSN
 0720-048X 
Issue Date
2024-04
MeSH
Adult ; Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics ; Brain Neoplasms* / pathology ; Glioblastoma* / pathology ; Glioma* / pathology ; Humans ; Mutation ; Necrosis ; Oxygen
Keywords
Adult ; Diffuse midline glioma ; Glioblastoma ; Perfusion magnetic resonance imaging
Abstract
Purpose: To compare the clinical, qualitative and quantitative imaging phenotypes, including tumor oxygenation characteristics of midline-located IDH-wildtype glioblastomas (GBMs) and H3 K27-altered diffuse midline gliomas (DMGs) in adults. Methods: Preoperative MRI data of 55 adult patients with midline-located IDH-wildtype GBM or H3 K27-altered DMG (32 IDH-wildtype GBM and 23 H3 K27-altered DMG patients) were included. Qualitative imaging assessment was performed. Quantitative imaging assessment including the tumor volume, normalized cerebral blood volume, capillary transit time heterogeneity (CTH), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), relative cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen values, and mean ADC value were performed from the tumor mask via automatic segmentation. Univariable and multivariable logistic analyses were performed. Results: On multivariable analysis, age (odds ratio [OR] = 0.92, P = 0.015), thalamus or medulla location (OR = 10.48, P = 0.013), presence of necrosis (OR = 0.15, P = 0.038), and OEF (OR = 0.01, P = 0.042) were independent predictors to differentiate H3 K27-altered DMG from midline-located IDH-wildtype GBM. The area under the curve, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the multivariable model were 0.88 (95 % confidence interval: 0.77–0.95), 81.8 %, 82.6 %, and 81.3 %, respectively. Conclusions: Along with younger age, tumor location, less frequent necrosis, and lower OEF may be useful imaging biomarkers to differentiate H3 K27-altered DMG from midline-located IDH-wildtype GBM. Tumor oxygenation imaging biomarkers may reflect the less hypoxic nature of H3 K27-altered DMG than IDH-wildtype GBM and may contribute to differentiation.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0720048X24001001
DOI
10.1016/j.ejrad.2024.111384
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiation Oncology (방사선종양학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Se Hoon(김세훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7516-7372
Park, Yae Won(박예원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8907-5401
Ahn, Sung Soo(안성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0503-5558
Lee, Na Rae(이나래)
Lee, Seung Koo(이승구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
Chang, Jong Hee(장종희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1509-9800
Choi, Seo Hee(최서희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4083-6414
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/199158
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