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Face painting as an anatomical learning tool based on individual ultrasonographic examination

 Hyewon Hu  ;  Jiong-Zhen Piao  ;  Ji-Hyun Lee  ;  Hyungkyu Bae  ;  You-Jin Choi  ;  Sung Ok Hong  ;  Young-Chun Gil  ;  Kyung-Seok Hu  ;  Hee-Jin Kim 
 CLINICAL ANATOMY, Vol.36(3) : 426-432, 2023-04 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Anatomy* / education ; COVID-19* ; Curriculum ; Facial Muscles ; Humans ; Learning ; Male ; Pandemics
COVID-19 ; anatomy education ; clinical anatomy ; face painting
Considering the shift to online education during the COVID-19 pandemic, new and easily accessible educational videos and content on clinical anatomy are necessary. This study utilized numerous references and data on the anatomy of Asian facial muscles and blood vessels to accurately depict human anatomy through face painting. It aimed to provide clinicians accurate educational video content on anatomy to help prevent possible complications during noninvasive facial and surgical procedures. A 26-year-old Korean-Chinese male volunteer was used as a face painting model. The location of the blood vessels of the face was confirmed through ultrasonography images using a real-time two-dimensional B-mode. The model's face was painted by an artist majoring in anatomy. To reveal most anatomical structures on both sides of the face, the left side showed the structures observed when the skin and superficial fat layer are removed, and the right side revealed the deeper layer structures that can be seen when some muscles are cut. Fifteen superficial and deep muscles important in esthetic procedures were meticulously painted on the face. The face painting took a total of 6 h, and the video was edited to 5 min. This study merged the advantages of 2D and 3D by painting directly on the skin surface of a living model. Thus, it can provide more dynamic surface anatomy data. These contents inform clinicians about 3D anatomic location, which can help avoid complications when performing clinical procedures on the face. © 2022 American Association of Clinical Anatomists and British Association of Clinical Anatomists.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Choi, You Jin(최유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3701-2200
Hu, Kyung Seok(허경석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
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