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Factors associated with retention intention of Registered Nurses in Korean nursing homes

 Deulle Min  ;  Eunhee Cho  ;  Gwang Suk Kim  ;  Kyung Hee Lee  ;  Ju Young Yoon  ;  Hyun Joo Kim  ;  Moon Hee Choi 
 INTERNATIONAL NURSING REVIEW, Vol.69(4) : 459-469, 2022-12 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Cross-Sectional Studies ; Humans ; Intention ; Job Satisfaction ; Middle Aged ; Nurses* ; Nursing Homes ; Nursing Staff, Hospital* / psychology ; Personnel Turnover ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Registered Nurses ; job satisfaction ; mixed methods ; nursing homes ; retention intention ; work environment
Aim: To identify the factors associated with retention intention among Registered Nurses in South Korean nursing homes.

Background: Although nurses are not mandatory personnel, Korean nursing homes employ Registered Nurses.

Introduction: Determining the factors related to Registered Nurses' retention intention is important for their job stability and ensure provision of quality care.

Methods: This mixed-methods study employed a sequential explanatory design. A self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted between May 1 and July 3, 2019, with 155 Registered Nurses providing direct care from 37 nursing homes. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 10 participants from August 1 to September 30, 2019. Data were analyzed using multilevel analysis for quantitative study and thematic analysis for qualitative study.

Results: The participants' average age was 48.48 years. Personal factors related to retention intention were Registered Nurses' role, educational level, and job satisfaction. Institutional factors were ownership, number of beds, and working environment. The qualitative study revealed five themes: "Satisfaction with meaningful relationships," "Potential for professional growth," "Nursing service accompanied by emotional labor," "Poor working environments in nursing homes," and "Unprotected nursing expertise."

Discussion: A nursing home's work environment is related to the Registered Nurses' retention intention. Most Registered Nurses in Korea received low wages, lacked access to career management programs, and experienced emotional labor.

Conclusion: This study highlighted the personal and institutional factors related to retention intention among Registered Nurses in South Korean nursing homes.

Implications for nursing and nursing policy: A law that designates Registered Nurses as an essential nursing home workforce is required. Further, nursing homes should increase the number of Registered Nurses to improve working conditions and thereby job satisfaction. It is also necessary to foster a working environment that facilitates professional development opportunities and job clarity.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Gwang Suk(김광숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9823-6107
Lee, Kyung Hee(이경희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2964-8356
Cho, Eunhee(조은희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7871-6848
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