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Intravesical Recurrence after Radical Nephroureterectomy in Patients with Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma Is Associated with Flexible Diagnostic Ureteroscopy, but Not with Rigid Diagnostic Ureteroscopy

 Jee Soo Ha  ;  Jinhyung Jeon  ;  Jong Cheol Ko  ;  Hye Sun Lee  ;  Juyeon Yang  ;  Daeho Kim  ;  June Seok Kim  ;  Won Sik Ham  ;  Young Deuk Choi  ;  Kang Su Cho 
 CANCERS, Vol.14(22) : 5629, 2022-11 
Journal Title
Issue Date
ureteral neoplasms ; ureteroscopy ; urinary bladder neoplasms
(1) Background: We assessed the impact of diagnostic ureteroscopy (URS) on intravesical recurrence (IVR) following radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma according to the type of URS. (2) Methods: Data on 491 consecutive patients who underwent RNU at two institutions between 2016 and 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. The study population was classified according to the type of URS performed before RNU as follows: non-URS, rigid URS, and flexible URS. The study outcome was IVR occurring within 1 year of RNU. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the risk of IVR. (3) Results: Altogether, 396 patients were included for analysis. Rigid and flexible URS were performed in 178 (45%) and 111 (28%) patients, respectively, while 107 (27%) patients did not undergo URS. IVR was identified in 99 (25%) patients. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that the flexible URS group was significantly associated with increased IVR, compared to the non-URS group (HR = 1.807, p = 0.0416). No significant difference in IVR was observed between the non-URS and rigid URS groups (HR = 1.301, p = 0.3388). (4) Conclusions: In patients with UTUC undergoing RNU, rigid URS may not increase the risk of IVR, whereas flexible URS appears to be associated with a higher risk of IVR.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Urology (비뇨의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Hye Sun(이혜선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6328-6948
Cho, Kang Su(조강수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3500-8833
Choi, Young Deuk(최영득) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8545-5797
Ha, Jee Soo(하지수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3923-4619
Ham, Won Sik(함원식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2246-8838
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