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Novel 3D Printed Resin Crowns for Primary Molars: In Vitro Study of Fracture Resistance, Biaxial Flexural Strength, and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis

 Nayoung Kim  ;  Hoon Kim  ;  Ik-Hwan Kim  ;  Jiho Lee  ;  Ko Eun Lee  ;  Hyo-Seol Lee  ;  Jee-Hwan Kim  ;  Je Seon Song  ;  Yooseok Shin 
 CHILDREN-BASEL, Vol.9(10) : 1445, 2022-09 
Journal Title
Issue Date
3D printed resin crown ; 3D printing ; biaxial flexural strength ; dynamic mechanical analysis ; fracture resistance ; mechanical properties ; primary molar
This study evaluated the fracture resistance, biaxial flexural strength (BFS), and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) of three-dimensional (3D) printing resins for the esthetic restoration of primary molars. Two 3D printing resins, Graphy (GP) and NextDent (NXT), and a prefabricated zirconia crown, NuSmile (NS), were tested. GP and NXT samples were 3D printed using the workflow recommended by each manufacturer. Data were collected and statistically analyzed. As a result of the fracture resistance test of 0.7-mm-thick 3D printed resin crowns with a thickness similar to that of the NS crown, there was no statistically significant difference among GP (1491.6 ± 394.6 N), NXT (1634.4 ± 289.3 N), and NS (1622.8 ± 323.9 N). The BFS of GP was higher for all thicknesses than that of NXT. Both resins showed high survival probabilities (more than 90%) when subjected to 50 and 150 MPa. Through DMA, the glass transition temperatures of GP and NXT were above 120 °C and the rheological behavior of GP and NXT according to temperature and frequency were analyzed. In conclusion, GP and NXT showed optimum strength to withstand bite forces in children, and 3D printed resin crowns could be an acceptable option for fixed prostheses of primary teeth.
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Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Conservative Dentistry (보존과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry (소아치과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ik-Hwan(김익환)
Kim, Jee Hwan(김지환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0872-4906
Song, Je Seon(송제선) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8620-5629
Shin, Yoo Seok(신유석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1121-2570
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