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Preclinical assessment of a new live attenuated Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing-based vaccine for tuberculosis

 Florence Levillain  ;  Hongmin Kim  ;  Kee Woong Kwon  ;  Simon Clark  ;  Felipe Cia  ;  Wladimir Malaga  ;  Faye Lanni  ;  Priscille Brodin  ;  Brigitte Gicquel  ;  Christophe Guilhot  ;  Gregory J Bancroft  ;  Ann Williams  ;  Sung Jae Shin  ;  Yannick Poquet  ;  Olivier Neyrolles 
 VACCINE, Vol.38(6) : 1416-1423, 2020-02 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Animals ; BCG Vaccine ; Guinea Pigs ; Mice ; Mice, SCID ; Mycobacterium tuberculosis / genetics ; Mycobacterium tuberculosis / immunology ; Tuberculosis Vaccines / immunology* ; Tuberculosis* / prevention & control ; Vaccines, Attenuated / immunology
Tuberculosis ; Mycobacterium tuberculosis ; BCG ; Vaccine
Tuberculosis still claims more lives than any other pathogen, and a vaccine better than BCG is urgently needed. One of the challenges for novel TB vaccines is to protect against all Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineages, including the most virulent ones, such as the Beijing lineage. Here we developed a live attenuated M. tuberculosis mutant derived from GC1237, a Beijing strain responsible for tuberculosis outbreaks in the Canary Islands. The mutant strain is inactivated both in the Rv1503c gene, responsible for surface glycolipid synthesis, and in the two-component global regulator PhoPR. This double mutant is as safe as BCG in immunodeficient SCID mice. In immune-competent mice and guinea pigs, the mutant is as protective as BCG against M. tuberculosis strains of common lineage 4 (Euro-American). By contrast, in mice the vaccine is protective against a M. tuberculosis strain of lineage 2 (East-Asian, Beijing), while BCG is not. These results highlight differences in protection efficacy of live attenuated M. tuberculosis-derived vaccine candidates depending on their genetic background, and provide insights for the development of novel live vaccines against TB, especially in East-Asian countries where M. tuberculosis strains of the Beijing family are highly dominant. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Advanced Medical Science Research and Education (첨단의과학교육연구단) > Dissertation
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Kee Woong(권기웅)
Shin, Sung Jae(신성재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0854-4582
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