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Feasibility of Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring on Dual-Energy Chest Computed Tomography: A Prospective Comparison with Electrocardiogram-Gated Calcium Score Computed Tomography

 Sun Yong Lee  ;  Tae Hoon Kim  ;  Kyunghwa Han  ;  Jae Min Shin  ;  Ji Young Kim  ;  Daein Kim  ;  Chul Hwan Park 
 JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, Vol.10(4) : 653, 2021-02 
Journal Title
Issue Date
ECG-gated cardiac CT ; coronary artery calcium score ; correlation coefficient ; dual-energy computed tomography ; wide-detector CT
Rationale and Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of assessment using the coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in dual-energy chest computed tomography (CT). Materials and Methods: We prospectively enrolled 30 patients (19 male, 11 female; mean age, 63.73 ± 9.40 years) who clinically required contrast-enhanced chest CT. The patients underwent electrocardiogram-gated cardiac calcium-scoring CT with a slice thickness of 2.5 mm followed by a sequentially non-gated contrast-enhanced dual-energy chest CT using 140/80 fast kVp switching technology with slice thicknesses of 1.25 mm and 2.5 mm. Virtual unenhanced (VUE) images were then reconstructed from the dual-energy CT using the material suppressed iodine (MSI) technique. Results: The mean heart rates were 63.33 ± 12.01 beats per minute. The mean CACS on the coronary calcium-scoring CT was 361.1 ± 435.5, and CACSs of the VUE images were 76.8 ± 128.6 (2.5 mm slice) and 108.7 ± 165.1 (1.25 mm slice). The correlation coefficients of CACS between the coronary calcium-scoring CT with the VUE 2.5 mm and 1.25 mm images were 0.888 and 0.904, respectively. The inter-observer agreements for the calcium score measurement between the calcium-scoring CT, VUE 2.5 mm, and VUE 1.25 mm were 1.000, 0.999, and 1.000, respectively. Conclusions: In conclusion, assessment of CACS using dual-energy chest CT might be feasible when using MSI virtual unenhanced dual-energy chest CT images with a slice thickness of 1.25 mm.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Tae Hoon(김태훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3598-2529
Park, Chul Hwan(박철환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0004-9475
Shin, Jae Min(신재민)
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