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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Parameters for Noninvasive Prediction of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Amplification in Isocitrate Dehydrogenase-Wild-Type Lower-Grade Gliomas: A Multicenter Study

 Yae Won Park  ;  Ji Eun Park  ;  Sung Soo Ahn  ;  Eui Hyun Kim  ;  Seok-Gu Kang  ;  Jong Hee Chang  ;  Se Hoon Kim  ;  Seung Hong Choi  ;  Ho Sung Kim  ;  Seung-Koo Lee 
 NEUROSURGERY, Vol.89(2) : 257-265, 2021-08 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Epidermal growth factor receptor ; Genomics ; Glioma ; Magnetic resonance imaging
Background: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplification status of isocitrate dehydrogenase-wild-type (IDHwt) lower-grade gliomas (LGGs; grade II/III) is one of the key markers for diagnosing molecular glioblastoma. However, the association between EGFR status and imaging parameters is unclear.

Objective: To identify noninvasive imaging parameters from diffusion-weighted and dynamic susceptibility contrast imaging for predicting the EGFR amplification status of IDHwt LGGs.

Methods: A total of 86 IDHwt LGG patients with known EGFR amplification status (62 nonamplified and 24 amplified) from 3 tertiary institutions were included. Qualitative and quantitative imaging features, including histogram parameters from apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), normalized cerebral blood volume (nCBV), and normalized cerebral blood flow (nCBF), were assessed. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were constructed.

Results: On multivariable analysis, multifocal/multicentric distribution (odds ratio [OR] = 11.77, P = .006), mean ADC (OR = 0.01, P = .044), 5th percentile of ADC (OR = 0.01, P = .046), and 95th percentile of nCBF (OR = 1.24, P = .031) were independent predictors of EGFR amplification. The diagnostic performance of the model with qualitative imaging parameters increased significantly when quantitative imaging parameters were added, with areas under the curves of 0.81 and 0.93, respectively (P = .004).

Conclusion: The presence of multifocal/multicentric distribution patterns, lower mean ADC, lower 5th percentile of ADC, and higher 95th percentile of nCBF may be useful imaging biomarkers for EGFR amplification in IDHwt LGGs. Moreover, quantitative imaging biomarkers may add value to qualitative imaging parameters.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Seok Gu(강석구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5676-2037
Kim, Se Hoon(김세훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7516-7372
Kim, Eui Hyun(김의현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2523-7122
Park, Yae Won(박예원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8907-5401
Ahn, Sung Soo(안성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0503-5558
Lee, Seung Koo(이승구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
Chang, Jong Hee(장종희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1509-9800
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