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Comparing different types of statins for secondary prevention of cardio-cerebrovascular disease from a national cohort study

Authors
 Joungyoun Kim  ;  Hyeong-Seop Kim  ;  Yun-Jong Bae  ;  Hyeong-Chul Lee  ;  Jae-Woo Lee  ;  Hee-Taik Kang 
Citation
 PLOS ONE, Vol.16(2) : e0247419, 2021-02 
Journal Title
PLOS ONE
Issue Date
2021-02
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control* ; Cerebrovascular Disorders / prevention & control* ; Female ; Humans ; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / therapeutic use* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Republic of Korea ; Retrospective Studies ; Secondary Prevention / statistics & numerical data*
Abstract
Statins have been recommended for use in atherosclerotic cardio-cerebrovascular disease (CCVD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of five different types of statin in the secondary prevention of CCVD in patients. This study retrospectively designed and analyzed data from the National Health Insurance Service-National Health in Korea. Participants aged 40 to 69 years were categorized into five statin groups (atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, pitavastatin, simvastatin, and pravastatin). The primary composite outcome was defined as recurrence of CCVD or all causes of death. Cox proportional hazard regression models were adopted after stepwise adjustments for confounders to investigate the difference in efficacy among the different statins. Of the 755 final participants, 48 patients experienced primary composite outcomes. After adjustments, the hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for primary composite outcomes of atorvastatin, pitavastatin, and rosuvastatin groups were 0.956 (0.456-2.005), 1.347 (0.354-5.116), and 0.943 (0.317-2.803), respectively, when compared with the simvastatin group. There were no significant differences between the statins in efficacy for preventing recurrence of CCVD events and/or death in CCVD patients.
Files in This Item:
T202104166.pdf Download
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0247419
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Joungyoun Kim(김정연)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/185461
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