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Protective effect of glycyrrhizin, a direct HMGB1 inhibitor, on post-contrast acute kidney injury

Authors
 Hyewon Oh  ;  Arom Choi  ;  Nieun Seo  ;  Joon Seok Lim  ;  Je Sung You  ;  Yong Eun Chung 
Citation
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.11(1) : 15625, 2021-08 
Journal Title
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
Issue Date
2021-08
Abstract
Post contrast-acute kidney injury (PC-AKI) is defined as the deterioration of renal function after administration of iodinated contrast media. HMGB1 is known to play an important role in the development of acute kidney injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between HMGB1 and PC-AKI and the protective effect of glycyrrhizin, a direct inhibitor of HMGB1, in rats. Rats were divided into three groups: control, PC-AKI and PC-AKI with glycyrrhizin. Oxidative stress was measured with MDA levels and H2DCFDA fluorescence intensity. The mRNA expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α) and kidney injury markers (KIM-1, NGAL and IL-18) were assessed using RT-PCR and ELISA in kidney tissue. In addition, the serum and intracellular protein levels of HMGB1were analyzed with the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blotting. Histologic changes were assessed with H&E staining using the transmission electron microscope (TEM). Moreover, serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were assessed. Oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory cytokines, kidney injury markers and LDH were significantly higher in PC-AKI compared to the controls, but were lower in PC-AKI with glycyrrhizin. Intracellular and serum HMGB1 levels significantly increased after contrast media exposure, whereas they markedly decreased after glycyrrhizin pretreatment. SCr and BUN also decreased in PC-AKI with glycyrrhizin compared to PC-AKI. In PC-AKI, we could frequently observe tubular dilatation with H&E staining and cytoplasmic vacuoles on TEM, whereas these findings were attenuated in PC-AKI with glycyrrhizin. Our findings indicate that HMGB1 plays an important role in the development of PC-AKI and that glycyrrhizin has a protective effect against renal injury and dysfunction by inhibiting HMGB1 and reducing oxidative stress.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1038/s41598-021-94928-5
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Emergency Medicine (응급의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Seo, Nieun(서니은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8745-6454
You, Je Sung(유제성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2074-6745
Lim, Joon Seok(임준석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0334-5042
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
Choi, Arom(최아롬)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/184630
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