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지역 특성과 친구의 흡연이 청소년의 습관적 흡연 시작에 미치는 영향

Other Titles
 The Effect of Neighborhood Characteristics and Friends’ Smoking Status on the Habitual Smoking Onset in Adolescents 
Authors
 최유정  ;  김광숙 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN ACADEMY OF NURSING, Vol.51(1) : 54-67, 2021-02 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN ACADEMY OF NURSING 
ISSN
 0378-004X 
Issue Date
2021-02
MeSH
Adolescent ; Adolescent Behavior* ; Family ; Female ; Friends ; Humans ; Male ; Motivation ; Peer Group ; Risk Factors ; Smoking / psychology* ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
Adolescent ; Smoking ; Survival Analysis ; Peer Influence ; Residence Characteristics
Abstract
Purpose: The aim of this study was threefold, to longitudinally examine the risk of habitual smoking onset in adolescents, to delineate the effects of neighborhood characteristics and friends’ smoking status on the habitual smoking onset, and to investigate whether the asso ciation between friends’ smoking status and habitual smoking onset was moderated by neighborhood characteristics. Methods: This study conducted multilevel discrete-time survival analysis, using cohort data from the 3rd to 6th waves of the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey, which excluded habitual smokers, matched with 2010 census data on respondents’ residence. Results: Habitual smoking onset risk increased from the 8th to the 11th grade, and then slightly decreased from the 11th to the 12th grade. Friends’ smoking status (B = 0.60, p < .001), smoking rate (B = 0.06, p = .038), and the number of tobacco outlets in the respondents’ neighborhood (B = 0.51, p = .003) were positively associated with habitual smoking onset risk. Furthermore, the association between friends’ smoking status and habitual smoking onset risk was moderated by the number of tobacco outlets in the neighborhood. Specifically, the association was stron ger in neighborhoods with more tobacco outlets (B = 0.58, p = .048). Conclusion: Friends’ smoking status and living in neighborhoods that are more susceptible to smoking increase the risk of habitual smoking. The number of tobacco outlets in the neighborhood enhances the peer effect of adolescent’s smoking behavior. Therefore, policies or interventions designed to reduce youth’s tobacco use should focus on not only on reducing peer smoking, but also restricting smoking by adults and the number of neighborhood tobacco outlets.
Files in This Item:
T202101652.pdf Download
DOI
10.4040/jkan.20212
Appears in Collections:
3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Gwang Suk(김광숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9823-6107
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182960
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