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Comparison between Conventional Blind Injections and Ultrasound-Guided Injections of Botulinum Toxin Type A into the Masseter: A Clinical Trial

Authors
 Hyungkyu Bae  ;  Jisoo Kim  ;  Kyle K Seo  ;  Kyung-Seok Hu  ;  Seong-Taek Kim  ;  Hee-Jin Kim 
Citation
 TOXINS, Vol.12(9) : 588, 2020-09 
Journal Title
TOXINS
Issue Date
2020-09
Keywords
botulinum neurotoxin type A injection ; compensatory hypertrophy ; paradoxical masseteric bulging ; ultrasonography guided injection
Abstract
The aim of the study was to propose a more efficient and safer botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injection method for the masseter by comparing the conventional blind injection and a novel ultrasonography (US)-guided injection technique in a clinical trial. The 40 masseters from 20 healthy young Korean volunteers (10 males and 10 females with a mean age of 25.6 years) were included in this prospective clinical trial. The BoNT-A (24 U) was injected into the masseter of each volunteer using the conventional blind and US-guided injection techniques on the left and right sides, respectively, and analyzed by US and three-dimensional (3D) facial scanning. One case of PMB (paradoxical masseteric bulging) was observed on the side where a conventional blind injection was performed, which disappeared after the compensational injection. The reduction in the thickness of the masseter in the resting state differed significantly at 1 month after the injection between the conventional blind injection group and the US-guided injection group by 12.38 ± 7.59% and 17.98 ± 9.65%, respectively (t(19) = 3.059, p = 0.007). The reduction in the facial contour also differed significantly at 1 month after the injection between the conventional blind injection group and the US-guided injection group by 1.95 ± 0.74 mm and 2.22 ± 0.84 mm, respectively (t(19) = 2.908, p = 0.009). The results of the study showed that the US-guided injection method that considers the deep inferior tendon by visualizing the masseter can prevent the PMB that can occur during a blind injection, and is also more effective.
Files in This Item:
T202006353.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/toxins12090588
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine (구강내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Seong Taek(김성택)
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Hu, Kyung Seok(허경석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/182627
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