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Hyperattenuating lesions after mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischaemic stroke: factors predicting symptomatic haemorrhage and clinical outcomes

Authors
 S Bae  ;  S S Ahn  ;  B M Kim  ;  D J Kim  ;  Y D Kim  ;  H S Nam  ;  J H Heo  ;  S-K Lee 
Citation
 CLINICAL RADIOLOGY, Vol.76(1) : 80.e15-80.e23, 2021-01 
Journal Title
CLINICAL RADIOLOGY
ISSN
 0009-9260 
Issue Date
2021-01
Abstract
Aim: To evaluate the clinical significance of hyperattenuating lesions on CT after mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischaemic stroke, and to identify imaging factors that predict symptomatic haemorrhage and unfavourable outcomes. Materials and methods: Seventy-eight patients with acute ischaemic stroke in the anterior circulation who underwent mechanical thrombectomy were evaluated. All patients underwent post-interventional unenhanced computed tomography (CT) within 24 h and follow-up CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 7 days. Baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared between patients with and without hyperattenuating lesions. In patients with hyperattenuating lesions, clinical and imaging factors that predict symptomatic haemorrhage and unfavourable outcomes were determined. Results: Fifty-six of 78 patients (71.8%) demonstrated hyperattenuating lesions on post-interventional CT. Patients with hyperattenuating lesions showed lower Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score (ASPECTS), persistent/symptomatic haemorrhage, and unfavourable outcomes than those without. In patients with hyperattenuating lesions, larger hyperattenuating lesion volume (>21.3 ml; OR, 55.60, p<0.001) and perilesional oedema (OR, 46.04, p=0.015) were independent factors predicting symptomatic haemorrhage. Older age (OR, 1.2, p=0.006) and lower ASPECTS (OR, 0.45, p=0.046) were independent factors predicting unfavourable outcomes in patients with hyperattenuating lesions. Adding the volume of the hyperattenuating lesion to age and ASPECTS increased the predictive performance of unfavourable outcomes (area under the curve 0.874 versus 0.934, p=0.043). Conclusions: Hyperattenuating lesions on post-interventional CT are associated with increased risk of symptomatic haemorrhage and unfavourable outcomes. Larger hyperattenuating lesion volume is an independent factor of symptomatic haemorrhage and it has added predictive value for unfavourable outcomes.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009926020303731
DOI
10.1016/j.crad.2020.08.021
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Dong Joon(김동준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7035-087X
Kim, Byung Moon(김병문) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8593-6841
Kim, Young Dae(김영대) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5750-2616
Nam, Hyo Suk(남효석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4415-3995
Ahn, Sung Soo(안성수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0503-5558
Lee, Seung Koo(이승구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
Heo, Ji Hoe(허지회) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9898-3321
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/181986
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