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Lipid Emulsion Improves Functional Recovery in an Animal Model of Stroke

Authors
 Motomasa Tanioka  ;  Wyun Kon Park  ;  Joohyun Park  ;  Jong Eun Lee  ;  Bae Hwan Lee 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol.21(19) : 7373, 2020-10 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 
Issue Date
2020-10
Keywords
excitotoxicity ; ischemia ; lipid emulsion ; middle cerebral artery occlusion ; neuroprotection ; reperfusion injury ; stroke
Abstract
Stroke is a life-threatening condition that leads to the death of many people around the world. Reperfusion injury after ischemic stroke is a recurrent problem associated with various surgical procedures that involve the removal of blockages in the brain arteries. Lipid emulsion was recently shown to attenuate ischemic reperfusion injury in the heart and to protect the brain from excitotoxicity. However, investigations on the protective mechanisms of lipid emulsion against ischemia in the brain are still lacking. This study aimed to determine the neuroprotective effects of lipid emulsion in an in vivo rat model of ischemic reperfusion injury through middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Under sodium pentobarbital anesthesia, rats were subjected to MCAO surgery and were administered with lipid emulsion through intra-arterial injection during reperfusion. The experimental animals were assessed for neurological deficit wherein the brains were extracted at 24 h after reperfusion for triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining, immunoblotting and qPCR. Neuroprotection was found to be dosage-dependent and the rats treated with 20% lipid emulsion had significantly decreased infarction volumes and lower Bederson scores. Phosphorylation of Akt and glycogen synthase kinase 3-β (GSK3-β) were increased in the 20% lipid-emulsion treated group. The Wnt-associated signals showed a marked increase with a concomitant decrease in signals of inflammatory markers in the group treated with 20% lipid emulsion. The protective effects of lipid emulsion and survival-related expression of genes such as Akt, GSK-3β, Wnt1 and β-catenin were reversed by the intra-peritoneal administration of XAV939 through the inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. These results suggest that lipid emulsion has neuroprotective effects against ischemic reperfusion injury in the brain through the modulation of the Wnt signaling pathway and may provide potential insights for the development of therapeutic targets.
Files in This Item:
T202004345.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/ijms21197373
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Physiology (생리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Wyun Kon(박윤곤)
Park, Joohyun(박주현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0897-4665
Lee, Bae Hwan(이배환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4719-9021
Lee, Jong Eun(이종은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6203-7413
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/180221
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