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A novel anatomical consideration on the exposed segment of the facial artery

Authors
 Ji-Hyun Lee  ;  Kangwoo Lee  ;  Wonsug Jung  ;  Kwan-Hyun Youn  ;  Kyung-Seok Hu  ;  Tanvaa Tansatit  ;  Hyun Jun Park  ;  Hee-Jin Kim 
Citation
 CLINICAL ANATOMY, Vol.33(2) : 257-264, 2020-03 
Journal Title
 CLINICAL ANATOMY 
ISSN
 0897-3806 
Issue Date
2020-03
Keywords
3D scanning system ; facial artery ; nasolabial fold augmentation ; surface landmark
Abstract
An understanding of the location and depth of the facial artery (FA) is essential in aesthetic surgery and various cosmetic procedures. The purpose of this study was to clarify the three-dimensional (3D) topography of the exposed segment (ES) of the FA and to provide information to help minimize complications during clinical procedures. From 50 embalmed adult cadavers, the undissected and dissected hemifaces were scanned and reconstructed using the 3D scanner. Then the topographic location of the ES was identified and measured from the superimposed the 3D images. The ES was observed in 82% of the whole specimens. The exposure patterns of the ES were examined, and classified into three types: Type I, one site exposed pattern (74%); Type II, two sites exposed pattern (8%); and Type III, nonexposed pattern (18%). The extent of the ES was located at 2.2 mm above and 4.2 mm below the cheilion (Ch)-otobasion inferius line, and 20.0 to 25.2 mm from the Ch on the lateral aspect. In the frontal view, the average distance from the mid-pupillary line to the ES was 7.1 mm, and from the lateral canthal line to the ES was 6.1 mm. The ES was 7.6 mm below the skin surface. The results of this study will help to provide safe guidelines for filler injections as well as selecting the safe regions in various clinical procedures. Clin. Anat. 33:257-264, 2020. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ca.23495
DOI
10.1002/ca.23495
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Biology (구강생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hee Jin(김희진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1139-6261
Lee, Ji-Hyun(이지현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3732-2698
Jung, Won Sug(정원석)
Hu, Kyung Seok(허경석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9048-3805
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/179068
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