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A Thematic Analysis of Speech Self-Awareness in the Community-Dwelling Elderly

Other Titles
 지역사회 거주 노인의 말 자가인식 보고에 대한 주제 분석 
Authors
 Soomin Kim  ;  HyangHee Kim  ;  Seok-In Nam  ;  Han-Saem Kim 
Citation
 Communication Sciences & Disorders, Vol.25(1) : 156-168, 2020-03 
Journal Title
 Communication Sciences & Disorders 
ISSN
 2288-1328 
Issue Date
2020-03
MeSH
Objectives: A self-report is often used to measure one’s own problems and related quality of life. With typical ageing, speech may change and can restrict activity and participation. The purpose of this study is to explore themes in speech self-awareness reports stated by the community-dwelling older adults through a thematic analysis. Methods: We interviewed 76 older persons (men:women=23:53, mean age=73.19±8.54) from three senior community centers in Seoul. The participants described the changes in speech and the related activity limitations and participation restrictions by responding to the survey items ; “Have you perceived any changes in your speech in the last year?” and “Does your speech cause any inconvenience in your daily life?”. Thematic analysis using the NVivo 12 program was done based on the responses of the participants. Results: Four main themes and 16 subthemes emerged from the analysis ; and the main themes included ‘characteristics of changes,’ ‘causes of changes,’ ‘activity limitations and participation restrictions due to changes,’ and ‘solutions to changes’ in speech. Conclusion: We observed that older persons experience changes in speech with diverse characteristics and that most of them consider these to be the result of ageing. They experience activity and participation problems and make an effort to resolve them. The main themes and subthemes could be served as key concepts upon providing intervention and/ or preventive education regarding geriatric speech problems.
Keywords
Ageing ; Older adults ; Self-awareness ; Speech ; Thematic analysis
Abstract
Objectives: A self-report is often used to measure one’s own problems and related quality of life. With typical ageing, speech may change and can restrict activity and participation. The purpose of this study is to explore themes in speech self-awareness reports stated by the community-dwelling older adults through a thematic analysis. Methods: We interviewed 76 older persons (men:women=23:53, mean age=73.19±8.54) from three senior community centers in Seoul. The participants described the changes in speech and the related activity limitations and participation restrictions by responding to the survey items; “Have you perceived any changes in your speech in the last year?” and “Does your speech cause any inconvenience in your daily life?”. Thematic analysis using the NVivo 12 program was done based on the responses of the participants. Results: Four main themes and 16 subthemes emerged from the analysis; and the main themes included ‘characteristics of changes,’ ‘causes of changes,’ ‘activity limitations and participation restrictions due to changes,’ and ‘solutions to changes’ in speech. Conclusion: We observed that older persons experience changes in speech with diverse characteristics and that most of them consider these to be the result of ageing. They experience activity and participation problems and make an effort to resolve them. The main themes and subthemes could be served as key concepts upon providing intervention and/ or preventive education regarding geriatric speech problems.
Files in This Item:
T202001180.pdf Download
DOI
10.12963/csd.19585
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Hyang Hee(김향희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-2512
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/176010
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