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Effects of Alzheimer's disease and Lewy body disease on subcortical atrophy

Authors
 H. S. Yoo  ;  E. C. Lee  ;  S. J. Chung  ;  Y. H. Lee  ;  S. G. Lee  ;  M. Yun  ;  P. H. Lee  ;  Y. H. Sohn  ;  J.‐K. Seong  ;  B. S. Ye 
Citation
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Vol.27(2) : 318-326, 2020 
Journal Title
 EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY 
ISSN
 1351-5101 
Issue Date
2020
Keywords
Alzheimer's disease ; Parkinson's disease ; cognitive impairment ; dementia with Lewy bodies ; subcortical atrophy
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Subcortical structures are affected by neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Lewy body disease (LBD). Although the co-occurrence of AD and LBD pathologies and their possible interaction have been reported, the effect of AD and LBD on subcortical structures remains unknown. The effects of AD and LBD on subcortical atrophy and their relationship with cognitive dysfunction were investigated. METHODS: The cross-sectional study recruited 42 patients with pure AD related cognitive impairment (ADCI), 30 patients with pure LBD related cognitive impairment (LBCI), 58 patients with mixed ADCI and LBCI, and 29 normal subjects. A general linear model was used to compare subcortical volume and shape amongst the groups, to investigate the independent and interaction effects of ADCI and LBCI on subcortical shape and volume, and to analyze the relationship between subcortical volume and cognitive dysfunction in each group. RESULTS: Alzheimer's disease related cognitive impairment and LBCI were independently associated with subcortical atrophies in the hippocampus and amygdala and in the hippocampus and putamen respectively, but their interaction effect was not significant. Compared to the control group, the pure LBCI group exhibited additional local atrophies in the amygdala, caudate and thalamus. Subcortical atrophies correlated differently with cognitive dysfunction according to the underlying causes of cognitive dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: The patterns of subcortical atrophies and their correlation with cognitive dysfunction differ according to the underlying AD, LBD or concomitant AD and LBD.
Full Text
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ene.14080
DOI
10.1111/ene.14080
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Ye, Byoung Seok(예병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0187-8440
Yoo, Han Soo(유한수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7846-6271
Yun, Mi Jin(윤미진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1712-163X
Lee, Seung Koo(이승구) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
Lee, Yang Hyun(이양현)
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/175631
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