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Clinical utility of mono-exponential model diffusion weighted imaging using two b-values compared to the bi- or stretched exponential model for the diagnosis of biliary atresia in infant liver MRI

 Jisoo Kim  ;  Haesung Yoon  ;  Mi-Jung Lee  ;  Myung-Joon Kim  ;  Kyunghwa Han  ;  Seok Joo Han  ;  Hong Koh  ;  Seung Kim  ;  Hyun Joo Shin 
 PLOS ONE, Vol.14(12) : e0226627, 2019 
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PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical utility of mono-exponential model diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) using two b-values compared to the bi- or stretched exponential model to differentiate biliary atresia (BA) from non-BA in pediatric liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Patients who underwent liver MRI with DWI for suspected BA from November 2017 to September 2018 were retrospectively included and divided into BA and non-BA groups. Laboratory results including γ-glutamyl transferase (γGT) were compared between the two groups using the Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test. The hepatic apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) 10 using ten b-values and ADC 2 using two b-values were obtained from the mono-exponential model. The slow diffusion coefficient (D), fast diffusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (f) were obtained from the bi-exponential model. The distributed diffusion coefficient (DDC) and heterogeneity index (α) were measured from the stretched exponential model. Parameters were compared between the two groups using a linear mixed model and diagnostic performance was assessed using the area under the curve (AUC) analysis. RESULTS: For 12 patients in the BA and five patients in the non-BA group, the ADC 10 (median 0.985 ×10-3 mm2/s vs. 1.332 ×10-3 mm2/s, p = 0.008), ADC 2 (median 0.987 ×10-3 mm2/s vs. 1.335 ×10-3 mm2/s, p = 0.017), D* (median 33.2 ×10-3 mm2/s vs. 55.3 ×10-3 mm2/s, p = 0.021), f (median 13.4%, vs. 22.1%, p = 0.009), and DDC (median 0.889 ×10-3 mm2/s vs. 1.323 ×10-3 mm2/s, p = 0.009) values were lower and the γGT (median 368.0 IU/L vs. 93.5 IU/L, p = 0.02) and α (median 0.699 vs. 0.556, p = 0.023) values were higher in the BA group. The AUC values for γGT (AUC 0.867 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.616-0.984), ADC 10 (AUC 0.963, 95% CI 0.834-0.998), ADC 2 (AUC 0.925, 95% CI 0.781-0.987), f (AUC 0.850, 95% CI 0.686-0.949), and DDC (AUC 0.925, 95% CI 0.781-0.987) were not significantly different, except for the D* and α values. CONCLUSION: Patients with BA had lower ADC 10, ADC 2, D*, f, and DDC values and higher γGT and α values than those in the non-BA group. The diagnostic performance of ADC 2 using only two b-values showed excellent diagnostic performance and was not significantly different from that of γGT, ADC 10, f, and DDC for diagnosing BA.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Others (기타) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koh, Hong(고홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3660-7483
Kim, Myung Joon(김명준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4608-0275
Kim, Seung(김승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4373-9828
Shin, Hyun Joo(신현주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-2609
Yoon, Haesung(윤혜성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0581-8656
Lee, Mi-Jung(이미정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3244-9171
Han, Kyung Hwa(한경화)
Han, Seok Joo(한석주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5224-1437
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