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Diffusional kurtosis imaging for differentiation of additional suspicious lesions on preoperative breast MRI of patients with known breast cancer

 Vivian Youngjean Park  ;  Sungheon G. Kim  ;  Eun-Kyung Kim  ;  Hee Jung Moon  ;  Jung Hyun Yoon  ;  Min Jung Kim 
 MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, Vol.62 : 199-208, 2019 
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Breast ; Diffusion-weighted imaging ; Diffusional kurtosis imaging ; MRI ; Preoperative
PURPOSE: To investigate the potential of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) and conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the evaluation of additional suspicious lesions at preoperative breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three additional suspicious lesions in 45 patients with breast cancer, which were detected on preoperative breast MRI, were examined with a 3-T MR system. DKI and DWI data were obtained using a spin-echo single-shot echo-planar imaging sequence with b-values of 0, 50, 600, 1000, and 3000 s/mm2. Histogram parameters (mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th percentiles, kurtosis, skewness and entropy) of ADC from DWI and diffusivity (D), kurtosis (K) from DKI were calculated after postprocessing. Parameters were compared between benign vs. ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) vs. invasive breast lesions and diagnostic performances were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Correlation between the mean values of D and K was analyzed according to lesion type. RESULTS: Multiple histogram parameters of D (mean, 25th, 50th percentile, 75th percentile, and entropy) differed between benign and invasive breast lesions (all P < 0.005), but none differed between benign vs. DCIS. D-90th percentile differed between DCIS vs. invasive cancer (P = 0.040). K-10th percentile differed between benign vs. DCIS (P = 0.015). ADC-75th percentile differed between benign vs. invasive cancer and ADC-75th percentile, ADC-90th percentile differed between DCIS vs. invasive cancer, respectively (all P < 0.005). ROC curve analysis showed high specificity for discrimination between benign and invasive cancer. D-mean and K-mean showed strong correlation in benign (rs = -0.813) and invasive lesions (rs = -0.853), but no significant correlation in DCIS. CONCLUSION: DKI may aid in the differentiation of additional suspicious lesions at preoperative breast MRI. Both ADC and DKI may have lower potential in differentiating DCIS from benign lesions.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Min Jung(김민정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-1237
Kim, Eun-Kyung(김은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
Moon, Hee Jung(문희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5643-5885
Park, Vivian Youngjean(박영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5135-4058
Yoon, Jung Hyun(윤정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2100-3513
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