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Factors Influencing Physical Activity in Adolescents with Complex Congenital Heart Disease

 Su Jin Kwon  ;  Eun Kyoung Choi  ;  Kyung Hee Lee  ;  Yu-Mi Im3 
 Child Health Nursing Research, Vol.25(3) : 262-272, 2019 
Journal Title
 Child Health Nursing Research 
Issue Date
Congenital heart defects ; Physical activity ; Parenting ; Self-efficacy ; Adolescents
Purpose: We aimed to identify factors influencing physical activity in adolescents with complex congenital heart disease. Methods: We recruited 92 adolescents with complex congenital heart disease from a tertiary medical center in Seoul, measured their levels of physical activity, and identified factors that influenced their physical activity levels using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire, the New York Heart Association classification, congenital heart disease complexity, the Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Parental Bonding Instrument scale. Stepwise multiple linear regression was used to determine factors influencing physical activity. Results: Total physical activity was higher in males than in females (t=4.46, p<.001). Adolescents who participated in school physical education classes engaged in more physical activity than those who did not (t=6.77, p<.001). Higher self-efficacy (β=.41, p<.001), male gender (β=.37, p<.001) and participation in school physical education classes (β=.19, p=.042) were associated with a higher likelihood of engagement in physical activity. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop nursing interventions that enhance self-efficacy in order to promote physical activity in adolescents with complex congenital heart disease. Physical activity should also be promoted in an individualized manner, taking into account gender, disease severity, and parental attitude.
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3. College of Nursing (간호대학) > Dept. of Nursing (간호학과) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Kyung Hee(이경희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2964-8356
Choi, Eun Kyoung(최은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4622-2437
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