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의과대학생은 시험을 준비하기 위해 어떻게 공부하는가: 평가 전 인지 및 메타인지 활동

Other Titles
 How Do Medical Students Prepare for Examinations: Pre‐assessment Cognitive and Meta‐cognitive Activities 
Authors
 윤소정  ;  이상엽  ;  임선주 
Volume
 21 
Number
 1 
Start Page
 51 
End Page
 58 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Educational assessment ; Learning ; Undergraduate medical education
Abstract
Although ‘assessment for learning’ rather than ‘assessment of learning’ has been emphasized recently, student learning before examinations is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate pre-assessment learning activities (PALA) and to find mechanism factors (MF) that influence those activities. Moreover, we compared the PALA and MF of written exams with those of the clinical performance examination/objective structured clinical examination (CPX/OSCE) in third-year (N=121) and fourth-year (N=108) medical students. Through literature review and discussion, questionnaires with a 5-point Likert scale were developed to measure PALA and MF. PALA had the constructs of cognitive and meta-cognitive activities, and MF had sub-components of personal, interpersonal, and environmental factors. Cronbach’s α coefficient was used to calculate survey reliability, while the Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis were used to investigate the influence of MF on PALA. A paired t-test was applied to compare the PALA and MF of written exams with those of CPX/OSCE in third and fourth year students. The Pearson correlation coefficients between PALA and MF were 0.479 for written exams and 0.508 for CPX/OSCE. MF explained 24.1% of the PALA in written exams and 25.9% of PALA in CPX/OSCE. Both PALA and MF showed significant differences between written exams and CPX/OSCE in third-year students, whereas those in fourth-year students showed no differences. Educators need to consider MFs that influence the PALA to encourage ‘assessment for learning’.
Files in This Item:
21_1-51_58.pdf Download
DOI
10.17496/kmer.2019.21.1.51
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Korean Medical Education Review (의학교육논단) > 1. Publications
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/170176
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