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Effects of bismuth breast shielding on iodine quantification in dual-energy computed tomography: an experimental phantom study

 Hyunsik Jang  ;  Jin Hur  ;  Byoung Wook Choi  ;  Dong Jin Im  ;  Yoo Jin Hong  ;  Young Jin Kim  ;  Hye-Jeong Lee 
 ACTA RADIOLOGICA, Vol.59(12) : 1475-1481, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Bismuth ; dual-energy computed tomography ; iodine ; radiation dosage ; radiation protection
BACKGROUND: Although the bismuth breast shield can reduce radiation exposure to the breast during dual-energy computed tomography (DECT), it can potentially affect material quantification on DECT due to artifacts.

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of bismuth breast shielding on iodine quantification and radiation exposure in DECT.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Small balloons were made with 0.2%, 0.6% and 1.0% blended iodinated contrast (370 mg/mL of iodine) with water. The balloons were located at both anterior and posterior lungs in an adult anthropomorphic chest phantom. DECT was performed with and without breast shielding. Afterwards, iodine concentration values were measured for each balloon on the iodine maps. Absorbed radiation doses in the breast were measured with the optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter.

RESULTS: After shielding, we obtained significantly decreased iodine quantification for all three concentrations with 0.78 ± 0.13 to 0.46 ± 0.13 mg/mL, 2.31 ± 0.17 to 1.68 ± 0.19 mg/mL, and 3.82 ± 0.10 to 2.84 ± 0.20 mg/mL at the anterior location, and 0.72 ± 0.11 to 0.48 ± 0.09 mg/mL, 2.24 ± 0.13 to 1.87 ± 0.21 mg/mL, and 3.75 ± 0.16 to 3.15 ± 0.14 mg/mL at the posterior location for the 0.2%, 0.6%, and 1.0% balloons, respectively ( P = 0.001 for all). After shielding, absorbed radiation doses to the breast significantly decreased by 14.8% (4.32 ± 0.33 to 3.68 ± 0.30 mGy; P = 0.005).

CONCLUSION: Although using the bismuth breast shield may decrease radiation exposure to the breast on DECT, it may also significantly affect iodine quantification.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Young Jin(김영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6235-6550
Lee, Hye Jeong(이혜정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9174
Im, Dong Jin(임동진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8139-5646
Choi, Byoung Wook(최병욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8873-5444
Hur, Jin(허진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8651-6571
Hong, Yoo Jin(홍유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7276-0944
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