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Role of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in evaluating the association between contralateral parenchymal enhancement and survival outcome in ER-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative invasive breast cancer

 Gi Won Shin  ;  Yang Zhang  ;  Min Jung Kim  ;  Min‐Ying Su  ;  Eun‐Kyung Kim  ;  Hee Jung Moon  ;  Jung Hyun Yoon  ;  Vivian Youngjean Park 
 JOURNAL OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, Vol.48(6) : 1678-1689, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
breast cancer ; breast neoplasm ; magnetic resonance imaging ; prognosis ; recurrence
BACKGROUND: Background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) on dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI has been associated with breast cancer risk, both based on qualitative and quantitative assessments.

PURPOSE: To investigate whether BPE of the contralateral breast on preoperative DCE-MRI is associated with therapy outcome in ER-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative invasive breast cancer.

STUDY TYPE: Retrospective.

POPULATION: In all, 289 patients with unilateral ER-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative breast cancer larger than 5 mm.

FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3T, T1 -weighted DCE sequence.

ASSESSMENT: BPE of the contralateral breast was assessed qualitatively by two dedicated radiologists and quantitatively (using region-of-interest and automatic breast segmentation).

STATISTICAL TESTS: Cox regression analysis was used to determine associations with recurrence-free survival (RFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DFS). Interobserver variability for parenchymal enhancement was assessed using kappa statistics and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).

RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 75.8 months. Multivariate analysis showed receipt of total mastectomy (hazard ratio [HR]: 5.497) and high Ki-67 expression level (HR: 5.956) were independent factors associated with worse RFS (P < 0.05). Only a high Ki-67 expression level was associated with worse DFS (HR: 3.571, P = 0.045). BPE assessments were not associated with outcome (RFS [qualitative BPE: P = 0.75, 0.92 for readers 1 and 2; quantitative BPE: P = 0.38-0.99], DFS, [qualitative BPE: P = 0.41, 0.16 for readers 1 and 2; quantitative BPE: P = 0.68-0.99]). For interobserver variability, there was good agreement between qualitative (κ = 0.700) and good to perfect agreement for most quantitative parameters of BPE.

DATA CONCLUSION: Contralateral BPE showed no association with survival outcome in patients with ER-positive, HER2-negative, node-negative invasive breast cancer. A high Ki-67 expression level was associated with both worse recurrence-free and distant metastasis-free survival.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 4
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Min Jung(김민정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-1237
Kim, Eun-Kyung(김은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
Moon, Hee Jung(문희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5643-5885
Park, Vivian Youngjean(박영진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5135-4058
Yoon, Jung Hyun(윤정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2100-3513
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