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Aberrant cerebro-cerebellar functional connectivity and minimal self-disturbance in individuals at ultra-high risk for psychosis and with first-episode schizophrenia

Authors
 Minji Bang  ;  Hae-Jeong Park  ;  Chongwon Pae  ;  Kyoungri Park  ;  Eun Lee  ;  Seung-Koo Lee  ;  Suk Kyoon An 
Citation
 Schizophrenia Research, Vol.202 : 138-140, 2018 
Journal Title
 Schizophrenia Research 
ISSN
 0920-9964 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
Cerebellum ; Cognitive dysmetria ; Minimal self ; Phenomenology ; Schizophrenia ; Ultra-high risk for psychosis
Abstract
BACKGROUND: In the tradition of phenomenology, minimal selfdisturbance has been suggested as a manifestation of the core pathogenesis of schizophrenia; however, the underlying neural mechanism remains unclear. Here, in line with the concept of "cognitive dysmetria," we investigated the cerebro-cerebellar default mode network (DMN) connectivity and its association with pre-reflective minimal selfdisturbance in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis and patients with first-episode schizophrenia (FES). METHODS: Thirty-three UHR individuals, 18 FES patients, and 56 healthy controls (HCs) underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging during rest at baseline. Seed-based functional connectivity (FC) analysis was performed using the cerebellar DMN seeds from the bilateral Crus I, followed by between-group comparisons. Correlation analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between the cerebro-cerebellar FC and the self-reported severity of minimal self-disturbance in the UHR and FES groups, respectively. RESULTS: FES participants showed significantly reduced cerebellar FC with the left presupplementary motor area (preSMA), right anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC), and precuneus compared to HCs, while UHR participants showed an intermediate decrease between the other two groups, particularly in the left preSMA and right aPFC. Minimal self-disturbance, which appeared at similar levels in both UHR and FES groups, was significantly associated with cerebro-cerebellar FC, although each group presented different patterns of associations. CONCLUSIONS: Aberrant cerebro-cerebellar FC, which may be closely related to minimal self-disturbance, may be able to provide meaningful insights into the real gestalt of schizophrenia and contribute to further research to predict future psychosis in UHR individuals.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0920996418303657
DOI
10.1016/j.schres.2018.06.031
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
박해정(Park, Hae Jeong) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4633-0756
안석균(An, Suk Kyoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-6184
이승구(Lee, Seung Koo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5646-4072
이은(Lee, Eun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-0144
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/166799
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