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Association among T2 signal intensity, necrosis, ADC and Ki-67 in estrogen receptor-positive and HER2-negative invasive ductal carcinoma

 Soo-Yeon Kim  ;  Eun-Kyung Kim  ;  Hee Jung Moon  ;  Jung Hyun Yoon  ;  Ja Seung Koo  ;  Sungheon Gene Kim  ;  Min Jung Kim 
 MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, Vol.54 : 176-182, 2018 
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Apparent diffusion coefficient ; Ki-67 ; Magnetic resonance imaging ; Necrosis ; T2 signal intensity
PURPOSE: To determine whether T2 signal intensity, necrosis, and ADC values are associated with Ki-67 in patients with Estrogen Receptor (ER)-positive and Human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)-negative invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2012 and February 2013, one hundred eighty seven women with ER-positive and HER2-negative IDC who underwent breast MRI and subsequent surgery were included. Intratumoral signal intensity was evaluated based on a combination of T2-weighted (low or equal, high, or very high) and contrast-enhanced MR images (enhancement or not). Necrosis was defined as very high T2 and no enhancement. Using the analysis of variance and pairwise t-test, a model based on intratumoral signal intensity was developed to assess Ki-67 of the surgical specimen. Inter-observer agreement for the developed model was analyzed. Conventional mean and minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements were performed and correlated with Ki-67. RESULTS: As the grade of the developed model increased (Grade I: low or equal T2, Grade II: high T2, or necrosis < 50%, Grade III: necrosis ≥ 50%), mean Ki-67 significantly increased (Grade I to III: 12.5%, 17.6%, 45.0%, respectively; P < 0.001). Good inter-observer agreement was found for the model (κ = 0.846, P < 0.001). ADC did not show significant correlations with Ki-67 (Pearson's correlation coefficient, 0.140 [P = 0.057] for mean ADC; -0.079 [P = 0.284] for minimum ADC). CONCLUSION: Intratumoral signal intensity but not ADC was associated with Ki-67 in patients with ER-positive and HER2-negative IDC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koo, Ja Seung(구자승) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4546-4709
Kim, Min Jung(김민정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-1237
Kim, Eun-Kyung(김은경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3368-5013
Moon, Hee Jung(문희정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5643-5885
Yoon, Jung Hyun(윤정현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2100-3513
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