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Detection of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma on post-operative surveillance: comparison of MDCT and gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI

 Kyung Ah Kim  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim  ;  Jin-Young Choi  ;  Mi-Suk Park  ;  Joon Seok Lim  ;  Yong Eun Chung  ;  Ki Whang Kim 
 ABDOMINAL IMAGING, Vol.39(2) : 291-299, 2014 
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the detection of intrahepatic tumor recurrence after curative resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six patients who underwent MDCT and gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI for postoperative surveillance after resection of HCC were retrospectively analyzed; 26 patients had a recurrence (36 lesions) and 30 patients did not. Recurrent HCCs were confirmed by histological examinations in two, typical dynamic imaging findings on CT and/or MRI in 28, and by demonstration of growth or tumor staining on angiography on six. Two reviewers graded the confidence for the presence of recurrence on CT and MRI, using a five-point scale. The jackknife free-response receiver operating characteristic method was used to compare diagnostic performance. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated.

RESULTS: For 36 recurrent lesions, the figure of merit was significantly higher for MRI than MDCT for detecting recurrence for both reviewers (p < 0.005 for both reviewers). In lesion-by-lesion analysis, the sensitivity was significantly higher on MRI (100% for reviewer 1 and 97% for reviewer 2) than on MDCT (44.4% and 66.6%) for both reviewers (p < 0.005 for both reviewers). Also in patient-by-patient analysis, sensitivity was significantly higher on MRI (100% and 96.1%) than on MDCT (57.6% and 76.9%) for both reviewers (p < 0.05 for both reviewers).

CONCLUSION: Gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI is superior to MDCT for detecting intrahepatic recurrence after curative resection of HCC.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ki Whang(김기황)
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Park, Mi-Suk(박미숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5817-2444
Lim, Joon Seok(임준석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0334-5042
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
Choi, Jin Young(최진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9025-6274
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