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Sex Difference in the Relationship between Evening Meal-Sharing and Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome: The 2013-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Authors
 Mi-Ri Kim  ;  Hyung-Jin Kim  ;  Ji-Hye Kim  ;  Byoungjin Park 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Family Practice (가정의학), Vol.8(1) : 125-130, 2018 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Family Practice (가정의학) 
ISSN
 2233-9019 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
Evening Meal Sharing ; Metabolic Syndrome ; Sex Difference ; Korean Adults
Abstract
Background: The rapid socioeconomic growth in Korea has resulted in profound lifestyle changes, such as the Westernization of diet or single-person household, which may be related to metabolic alterations. We examined the relationship between evening meal sharing and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome by using representative data for Korean men and women. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2013–2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. To investigate outcome variables in the relationship between evening meal sharing and the risk factors for metabolic syndrome, weighted chi-square and simple linear analyses were used. Logistic regression models were used to assess the associations between evening meal sharing and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to sex. Results: In the complex sample logistic analysis, metabolic syndrome was significantly associated with having dinner alone, after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, regular exercise, marital status, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride level, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level, and total energy intake in men (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08–3.24). However, the risk of metabolic syndrome was lower with evening meal sharing than with having dinner alone in women (OR, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.28–0.86). Conclusion: Our study suggests that evening meal sharing may have a sex-related difference in influence on metabolic syndrome.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.21215/kjfp.2018.8.1.125
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Ji-Hye(김지혜) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5719-8180
Park, Byoung Jin(박병진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1733-5301
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/165454
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