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간호대학생의 비판적 사고능력에 영향을 미치는 개인요인과 학교요인

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 Individual and School Factors Affecting Critical Thinking Ability among Nursing Students 
 신수진  ;  박인희  ;  황은희  ;  정덕유  ;  김건희 
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Problem solving ; Nursing student ; Thinking ; Simulation training
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with the critical thinking ability of nursing students at the individual and school levels. The study adopted a descriptive design and recruited 465 nursing students from four nursing schools from November 2014 to September 2015 through convenience sampling. The Clinical Critical Thinking Skill Test was used to measure critical thinking ability, and the data were analyzed with the SAS ver. 9.4 program (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA) for descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, and multi-level model. The results showed that clinical practicum experience (β=-0.72, p=0.025), taking critical thinking courses (β=0.63, p=0.010), and taking simulation courses (β =0.56, p=0.035) improved critical thinking ability in the individual level model. In the school level model, the interaction effect between the years of clinical practice done by the student and the presence of full-time clinical instructors was significant (β=1.29, p=0.011). These results suggest that critical thinking ability improves with the more years of clinical practice individual nursing students have, and this improvement is greater with the presence of full-time clinical instructors in the school. Therefore, it is recommended that nursing students undergo critical thinking and simulation courses to develop their critical thinking ability, and dedicated clinical instructors in nursing schools should play a vital role.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Korean Medical Education Review (의학교육논단) > 1. Publications
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