304 341

Cited 0 times in

The effects of posterior cruciate ligament deficiency on posterolateral corner structures under gait- and squat-loading conditions: A computational knee model

Authors
 K-T. Kang  ;  Y-G. Koh  ;  M. Jung  ;  J-H. Nam  ;  Son, MS  ;  Y.H. Lee  ;  S-J. Kim 
Citation
 BONE & JOINT RESEARCH, Vol.6(1) : 31-42, 2017 
Journal Title
BONE & JOINT RESEARCH
Issue Date
2017
Keywords
Knee biomechanics ; Knee injury ; Posterior cruciate ligament
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to analyse the effects of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) deficiency on forces of the posterolateral corner structure and on tibiofemoral (TF) and patellofemoral (PF) contact force under dynamic-loading conditions.

METHODS: A subject-specific knee model was validated using a passive flexion experiment, electromyography data, muscle activation, and previous experimental studies. The simulation was performed on the musculoskeletal models with and without PCL deficiency using a novel force-dependent kinematics method under gait- and squat-loading conditions, followed by probabilistic analysis for material uncertain to be considered.

RESULTS: Comparison of predicted passive flexion, posterior drawer kinematics and muscle activation with experimental measurements showed good agreement. Forces of the posterolateral corner structure, and TF and PF contact forces increased with PCL deficiency under gait- and squat-loading conditions. The rate of increase in PF contact force was the greatest during the squat-loading condition. The TF contact forces increased on both medial and lateral compartments during gait-loading conditions. However, during the squat-loading condition, the medial TF contact force tended to increase, while the lateral TF contact forces decreased. The posterolateral corner structure, which showed the greatest increase in force with deficiency of PCL under both gait- and squat-loading conditions, was the popliteus tendon (PT).

CONCLUSION: PCL deficiency is a factor affecting the variability of force on the PT in dynamic-loading conditions, and it could lead to degeneration of the PF joint.Cite this article: K-T. Kang, Y-G. Koh, M. Jung, J-H. Nam, J. Son, Y.H. Lee, S-J. Kim, S-H. Kim. The effects of posterior cruciate ligament deficiency on posterolateral corner structures under gait- and squat-loading conditions: A computational knee model. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:31-42. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.61.BJR-2016-0184.R1.
Files in This Item:
T201700170.pdf Download
DOI
10.1302/2046-3758.61.BJR-2016-0184.R1
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sung Hwan(김성환) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5743-6241
Lee, Young Han(이영한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5602-391X
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/154143
사서에게 알리기
  feedback

qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse

Links