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Increased 18F-FDG Uptake on PET/CT is Associated With Poor Arterial and Portal Perfusion on Multiphase CT

 Hwang, Sang Hyun  ;  Lee, Minwook  ;  Lee, Narae  ;  Park, Saewhan  ;  Kim, Chun Ki  ;  Park, Mi-Ae  ;  Yun, Mijin 
 Clinical Nuclear Medicine, Vol.41(4) : 296-301, 2016 
Journal Title
 Clinical Nuclear Medicine 
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging* ; Female ; Fluorodeoxyglucose F18* ; Humans ; Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Multimodal Imaging ; Perfusion Imaging* ; Portal System/diagnostic imaging* ; Positron-Emission Tomography* ; Radiopharmaceuticals* ; Tomography, X-Ray Computed
PURPOSE: To correlate 18F-FDG uptake on PET/CT with patterns of arterial and portal perfusion on multi-detector CT (MDCT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to assess the value of variables from PET/CT and MDCT in predicting histological grades and overall survival. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed MDCT and PET/CT of 66 patients with HCC who underwent surgical treatment. Tumor peak standard uptake value (SUV) was divided by the mean liver SUV (T/LSUV). The mean tumor Hounsfield unit (HU) to mean liver HU was calculated for arterial (T/LHU-A) and portal phases (T/LHU-P). All patients were divided into three groups: I, T/LHU-A ≤l and T/LHU-P <1; II, T/LHU-A >1 and T/LHU-P <1; and III, T/LHU-A >1 and T/LHU-P ≥1. The relationships between the CT perfusion groups and T/LSUV were assessed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed using clinical and imaging parameters for predicting histological grade. Overall survival curves stratified by T/LSUV and CT perfusion groups were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences in T/LSUV were noted between groups I and II (2.29 [range 1.74-3.60] vs. 1.20 [range 1.07-1.58], P < 0.001) and groups I and III (2.29 [range 1.74-3.60] vs. 1.30 [range 1.07-1.43], P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, a T/LSUV cutoff of >1.46 was the only independent predictor of tumor grade, with an odds ratio of 8.462 (95% confidence interval 1.799-39.803). Kaplan-Meier curves showed significant differences in OS according to T/LSUV >1.62, group I perfusion pattern, and T/LSUV >1.62 plus group I perfusion pattern (P = 0.04, P = 0.021, and P = 0.002, respectively). CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG PET/CT is not commonly used for detecting HCC due to its limited sensitivity. We found that increased 18F-FDG uptake is associated with decreased arterial and portal perfusion on MDCT. This can be used to preselect patients who would benefit the most from PET/CT. Meanwhile, 18F-FDG uptake remained as the only independent predictor of histological grade, and higher 18F-FDG uptake and lower perfusion pattern on MDCT were significantly related to shorter OS.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
윤미진(Yun, Mi Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1712-163X
이나래(Lee, Na Rae)
이민욱(Lee, Minwook)
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