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Intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma: prognostic value of preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI

 Jieun Koh  ;  Yong Eun Chung  ;  Ji Hae Nahm  ;  Ha Yan Kim  ;  Kyung-Sik Kim  ;  Young Nyun Park  ;  Myeong-Jin Kim  ;  Jin-Young Choi 
 EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY, Vol.26(2) : 407-416, 2016 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adult ; Aged ; Bile Duct Neoplasms/diagnosis* ; Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology ; Cholangiocarcinoma/diagnosis* ; Contrast Media ; Female ; Gadolinium DTPA* ; Humans ; Image Enhancement* ; Liver Neoplasms/pathology ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods* ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Preoperative Care/methods* ; Prognosis ; Retrospective Studies
Contrast agent ; Gadoxetic acid ; Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma ; MRI ; Prognosis
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI could be used as a prognostic factor for intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinomas (IMCCs). METHODS: Forty-one patients with pathologically proven IMCCs who underwent preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI were included. The signal intensity of the IMCCs on hepatobiliary phase (HBP) MRI was qualitatively analyzed by two radiologists, and categorized into intermediate or hypointense groups. Analysis of clinicopathological prognostic factors and correlations of imaging and histology were also performed. Survival time and time to recurrence (TTR) were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 41 IMCCs, 23 were in the intermediate group and 18 were in the hypointense group on HBP MRI. IMCCs in the intermediate group were associated with shorter survival time (P = 0.048) and TTR (P = 0.002) than the IMCCs of the hypointense group. Only the intermediate group on HBP MRI had a significantly shorter TTR on multivariate analysis (P = 0.012). The IMCCs of the intermediate group showed a tendency for more abundant tumour fibrous stroma than those of the hypointense group (P = 0.027). CONCLUSIONS: The enhancement of IMCCs on HBP gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI appears to correlate with tumour aggressiveness and outcomes due to the tumour fibrous stromal component. Thus, HBP images could be a useful prognostic factor for IMCCs after surgery. KEY POINTS: The enhancement of IMCCs on HBP correlates with the tumour fibrous stroma. • The enhancement of IMCCs on HBP MRI appears to correlate with prognosis. • Gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI is helpful for predicting prognosis of IMCCs after surgery.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Radiology (영상의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Koh, Ji Eun(고지은)
Kim, Kyung Sik(김경식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9498-284X
Kim, Myeong Jin(김명진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7949-5402
Kim, Ha Yan(김하얀)
Nahm, Ji Hae(남지해) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0902-866X
Park, Young Nyun(박영년) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0357-7967
Chung, Yong Eun(정용은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0811-9578
Choi, Jin Young(최진영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9025-6274
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