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한국 의사면허제도의 정착과정 : 한말과 일제시대를 중심으로

Other Titles
 A History of Medical License in Korea 
Authors
 여인석  ;  박윤재  ;  이경록  ;  박형우 
Citation
 Korean Journal of Medical History (의사학), Vol.11(2) : 137-153, 2002 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Medical History (의사학) 
ISSN
 1225-505X 
Issue Date
2002
MeSH
History ; 20th Century ; Korea ; Licensure ; Medical/history*
Abstract
Medical license is to qualify a person for medical practice and to attribute him/her a privileged right in the practice. This privileged and exclusive right asks for protection from the side of a state and the state in turn needs qualified medical personnel in order to carry out her task of public health, one of the main duties of modern states. In Europe, physicians succeeded in obtaining medical license that guarantees the privileged right in a highly competitive medical market against other practitioners. The first regulation for medical license in Korea was made in 1900 when few Korean doctors trained in Western medicine was in practice. The regulation aimed at controlling traditional medical practitioners who had been practicing medicine without any qualification as a physician. The regulation was very brief, consisting of only seven articles. A newly revised regulation appeared in 1913 when Korea was under the occupation of Japan. The Japanese Government-General enacted a series of regulations about medical personnel, including dentists and traditional medical practitioners. This heralds its full-scale engagement in medical affaires in Korea. Unlike the case of European countries where medical license was obtained after a long struggle with other practitioners, in Korea, medical license was given to doctors too easily from the state. And this experience played a very important role in the formation of identity of Korean doctors.
Files in This Item:
T200209778.pdf Download
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Medical History (의사학과) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Hyoung Woo(박형우) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5341-9249
Yeo, In Sok(여인석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8503-0222
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/144436
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