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Attitudes of Korean Dental Students Toward Individuals with Special Health Care Needs

Authors
 Hyo-Seol Lee  ;  Hoi In Jung  ;  Seon-Mi Kim  ;  Jiyoen Kim  ;  Re Mee Doh  ;  Jae-Ho Lee 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, Vol.79(9) : 1024-1030, 2015 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION 
ISSN
 0022-0337 
Issue Date
2015
MeSH
Adult ; Age Factors ; Attitude of Health Personnel* ; Dental Care for Disabled/psychology* ; Disabled Persons/psychology* ; Education, Dental ; Female ; Friends ; Humans ; Intention ; Male ; Religion ; Republic of Korea ; Self Concept ; Sex Factors ; Students, Dental/psychology* ; Volunteers ; Young Adult
Keywords
Korea ; access to health care ; attitude of health personnel ; dental care for chronically ill ; dental care for disabled ; dental education ; dental health service ; people with special health care needs ; professional role ; special care dentistry
Abstract
The purposes of this study were to ascertain the attitudes of dental students toward individuals with special health care needs (SHCNs) in Korea and to elucidate the characteristics associated with these attitudes. The authors recruited students from four of the 11 dental schools in Korea to participate in a survey; these schools were selected for regional balance. The Scale of Attitudes toward Disabled Persons (SADP) was used as the primary survey instrument, and ten independent variables were included. Of the 1,100 possible participants, 1,057 responded to the survey, for a response rate of 96.1%. The results showed that although the students' attitudes did not differ significantly by gender, their attitudes did show statistically significant differences on nine other variables: age, year, religion, self-esteem, friends with a disability, volunteering, admission course, concern for individuals with SHCNs, and intention to treat individuals with SHCNs (all p<0.05). The attitudes of these Korean dental students toward individuals with SHCNs were relatively unfavorable, showing lower SADP scores than reported in Western countries and likely reflecting Eastern cultural values in general. Future efforts should place greater emphasis on special care dentistry education and encourage the development of more favorable attitudes regarding the treatment of individuals with SHCNs.
Full Text
http://www.jdentaled.org/content/79/9/1024.abstract
DOI
2015
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Advanced General Dentistry (통합치의학과) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry (소아치과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Doh, Re Mee(도레미)
Lee, Jae Ho(이제호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1556-3485
Lee, Hyo Seol(이효설)
Jung, Hoi In(정회인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1978-6926
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/141049
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